How does The Giver use foreshadowing?
There are numerous examples of foreshadowing in The Giver.
First and foremost is Jonas' apprehension about the Ceremony of Twelve. This annual ritual is the biggest event in the life of the community, and Jonas should feel positive about his forthcoming entry into adulthood, not least because Jonas is about to be appointed as Receiver of Memory, a great honor in this society.
And yet Jonas can't help feeling uneasy all the same. We sense that this is a young man who will eventually become thoroughly disillusioned with his role as Receiver of Memory and with the norms and values of his society. And that's precisely what happens as Jonas bravely takes his stand against the prevailing culture of death, with its utter contempt for human life.
Another example of foreshadowing occurs when the 11-year-old Jonas is given the task of bathing an old lady called Larissa at the House of the Old. He proves to be very good at his job—gentle, caring, and empathetic. And it is this empathy for the weakest members of the community, babies as well as senior citizens, that will lead Jonas to turn his back on the land of his birth and its warped values and escape into Elsewhere.