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In the Bible, who was the god of the Amalekites?

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The Bible does not specify a chief god for the Amalekites, but Numbers 14:39–45 tells the story of the Israelities fighting "the Amalekites and the Canaanites," who live together in the mountains. So it is likely the Amalekites believed in Baal (or some variant of Baal), the main Canaan god. They were almost certainly polytheistic, as the Jewish people—collectively called Israel—were at the time the only nation to believe in a single deity.

Baal was a fertility god, therefore crucial to a community that lived in a hot, dry land. He was called, in various languages of the region, the Lord of Rain and Dew, Storm God, and Lord of the Heavens. Tablets discovered in 1929 reveal that Canaanites believed Baal was engaged in mortal combat with Mot, the god of death and sterility. They fought, apparently, every seven years. If Baal won, there would be seven years of abundant water and good crops. If Mot won, there would be seven years of famine and drought.

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jamesmcwilliams | Student

The Amalekites were allies of the Ammonites, who worshipped Milcom, also called Moloch (The Bible, Judges 3:12-14; compare 1 Kings 11:5 to verse 7). Thus, the Amalekites might have worshipped Moloch too. Moloch's worshippers sacrificed children (Leviticus 18:21). If the Amalekites worshipped Moloch, then that could help explain a comment the prophet Samuel made about the Amalekite King Agag. Specifically, Samuel said Agag “made women childless” (1 Samuel 15:33). Thus, King Agag might have joined in child sacrifice. Moloch was a variant of Baal (Jeremiah 32:35). The Amalekites were also allies of the Midianites, who worshipped a second Baal variant, Baal-Peor (Judges 6:3; Numbers 25 and 31:1, 16). So, ultimately, Amalekites probably worshipped Baal, a demon (see Leviticus 17:7).



lorstaylor | Student

The Amalekites were a nomadic tribe, descendants of Esau, who was grandson of Abraham.  But though their line is traced back to the Father of Israel, they did not follow Israel's God and eventually it was said of them, "For hands were lifted up to the throne of the Lord. The Lord will be at war against the Amalekites from generation to generation." (Exodus 17:16)  There is no other mention in the Bible of the religious practices of the Amalekites, though they often lived and fought together with the Canaanites and Midianites, both of whom had highly developed religious systems.