In The Alchemist, how did the alchemist help Santiago?

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The primary way that the Alchemist helps Santiago is that he teaches the boy the importance of believing in himself. On their numerous excursions into the desert, the Alchemist shows Santiago that all people are capable of connecting with the Soul of the World as long as they listen to the omens that occur around them. In the case of the narrative of this story, we are sometimes talking about literal omens. However, this also implies listening to and trusting our intuition. Santiago learns from the Alchemist's teachings that he has the power within him to achieve his Personal Legend. In order to do so, this will mean believing in himself and knowing that his fate is in his own hands.

By listening to omens, the Alchemist shows Santiago how to connect with the Soul of the World. This is the spiritual force that connects all things, including humans and nature. It helps him plug into the universal language that unites the universe. By understanding the natural world, Santiago is better able to understand the motives and ambitions of people, including himself. He can see that all things are connected and that the people who do not understand this will never achieve their Personal Legend.

In a much more concrete way, the Alchemist also helps Santiago by giving him a large sum of gold that he creates from lead using alchemy. Of course, Santiago does not keep this gold for long, as it is stolen from him as he digs for treasure at the Pyramids.

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Santiago, the main character in Paulo Coelho's novel The Alchemist, receives help from another character, the alchemist, in a variety of ways. The alchemist acts as a mentor as well as a teacher to Santiago.

The alchemist acts as a mentor by encouraging Santiago to learn through his own experiences. One example of this is when the alchemist and Santiago grab snakes from holes in order to find life in the desert. The lesson here is that life attracts life.

The alchemist also acts as a mentor by guiding Santiago into believing in himself. Shortly after they meet, the alchemist tells Santiago that he already knows all he needs to know and that he is only going to point him in the direction of his treasure. Throughout his entire journey, Santiago learns that his personal treasure is not an actual treasure but is becoming a person who is in control or his or her own life and is connected to the world.

While the alchemist acts as a mentor for Santiago, he also teaches him. The alchemist teaches Santiago through riddles and books. These lessons help him learn how to achieve his personal legend.

All of these things are only some of the ways the alchemist helps Santiago.

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The alchemist helps Santiago by being both a teacher and mentor. As a teacher, the alchemist teaches Santiago lessons about using his supernatural powers, often through riddles that Santiago is expected to decode. These lessons, and the alchemist's experience and skills, help to get Santiago out of dangerous situations and to strengthen his knowledge of how to use his powers.

The alchemist acts a mentor, which is slightly different than just being a teacher, by encouraging Santiago to learn through experience, by modeling skills for Santiago, and most of all by helping Santiago to grow as a person by listening to his internal voice and follow his instincts. In this book, alchemy is a metaphor for personal growth and transformation. A metaphor is a literary device in which "a term or a phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance" (dictonary.com). Alchemy is the process of turning a material that is not very valuable, such as lead, into a material that is very valuable, such as gold. Using this metaphor, the alchemist in the story helps Santiago transform himself into someone who is not living his true potential into someone who is empowered, knowledgable, and connected to himself and the world around him.

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The alchemist helps Santiago in a variety of ways.  Some of them are concrete and life saving, while other are more knowledge based.  The first thing that the alchemist teaches Santiago is the importance of listening to his personal desires.  Listen to your heart as the 80's singer Roxette would say/sing. Santiago listens to the advice and re-enters his "Personal Legend" of finding the treasure at the pyramids. 

The alchemist also teaches Santiago about the Soul of the World.  Through this teaching Santiago learns to read and understand the environment around him. He also learns to communicate with the world around him through some supernatural abilities.  This leads to the concrete life saving I mentioned earlier.  At one point Santiago and the alchemist are captured by Arab raiders.  The alchemist tells the Arabs that Santiago will turn into the wind within three days.  Spoiler alert, he mystically raises a big sandstorm and amazes the Arabs with his power, so they decide to let Santiago and the alchemist go. 

In summary (and this is going to sound very cliche), the alchemist helped Santiago unlock his true potential.  

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