In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, how does Jim's good nature influence Huckleberry's sense of morality?

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Up until he spends extended time with Jim, Huck unthinkingly accepts the racism he has learned all his life. He has been taught that black people are objects that can rightfully be owned and that it is a sin to favor the humanity of a black slave against the property rights of a white slave owner.

However, as he gets to know Jim, Huck realizes all the ways Jim has treated him kindly and humanly. In fact, Jim is the father figure Huck has never had. His own father, a violent alcoholic, has neglected and abused him, not showing him love or caring and treating him as a threat he has to lock up and control. In contrast, Jim continually treats Huck with kindness. For example, Jim will let Huck go on sleeping when it is his turn for the watch, an act of empathy of the kind Huck never experienced from his own father. He knows how deeply Jim loves his own children, and Huck remembers words of affection and caring coming from Jim: Jim calls him "honey," for example.

Dozens of small acts of kindness day in and day out influence Huck to adopt a morality based not on a theory he has learned but what he has experienced in real life. Although his society's moral teachings have taught him that it is morally wrong not to turn Jim in to Miss Watson as an escaped slave, he tears up the letter he has written to her because he can no longer ignore Jim's humanity and innate right to be free. He thinks he might go to hell for abetting Jim, but he is willing to sacrifice himself to save his friend.

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It's no exaggeration to say that Jim helps Huck grow up, morally and emotionally. Before they set off on their adventures along the Mississippi together, Huck was rather immature, to say the least. Although his moral values were generally fine for a boy of his age, he still had the occasional lapse, such as joining with Tom in playing mean tricks on Jim.

But all that changes when Huck gets to spend more time in Jim's company. It's only then that he starts to see Jim as a human being, someone who's just the same as himself beneath the skin. Jim helps Huck to escape the confines of his time and culture, which are rooted in notions of white supremacy. Out there on the raft, things couldn't be more different. There, Huck and Jim are just two human beings, not a white boy and a runaway slave—as they would be back on dry land.

Jim's innate goodness comes through at various points. A notable example would be his protecting of Huck by preventing from seeing his old man's dead body in the old house floating down the Mississippi. Although he knows just what a piece of work Pap Finn was, Jim also knows that the sight of his dead body isn't one that Huck should ever see. In exercising such wise discretion, Jim is effectively taking on the role of Huck's father and giving Huck a clear moral lead.

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When Huck's moral conflict (a driving force in the novel) reaches its climax, it is Jim's good nature and steady friendship that sways Huck to his decision. 

Earlier in the novel, Huck plays tricks on Jim and has fun at Jim's expense until Jim expresses a fully articulated and emotional response to Huck's behavior. 

En when I wake up en fine you back ag'in, all safe en soun', de tears come, en I could 'a' got down on my knees en kiss' yo' foot, I's so thankful. En all you wuz thinkin' 'bout wuz how you could make a fool uv ole Jim wid a lie.

This is Jim's longest speech in the text and it is the one that brings Huck to see Jim's sensitivity and his humanity along with his good nature. While Jim was worried about Huck's safety and glad to see his return, Huck was playing a mean-spirited trick. 

Later, Huck saves Jim from two slave-hunters through a lie about small-pox. Jim's response to this episode is to claim that Huck is Jim's only friend; the only white man who ever kept a promise to him. 

When Huck sits deliberating about his course of action after Jim has been sold by the Duke and the King, these words return to Huck. Considering two courses of action, to write a letter to Miss Watson and abandon Jim or to find a way to free Jim from captivity, Huck reflects on his friendship with Jim. 

...and would always call me honey, and pet me, and do everything he could think of for me, and how good he always was; and at last I struck the time I saved him by telling the men we had smallpox aboard, and he was so grateful, and said I was the best friend old Jim ever had in the world, and the only one he's got now...

These thoughts on Jim's good nature persuade Huck to save Jim, putting himself at risk.

The decision Huck makes at this point is a definitively moral one. As he contemplates Jim's good nature, Huck is deliberating on which is the right path, morally. Freeing Jim will be against the law, and immoral in Huck's view, but abandoning Jim would be immoral as well. 

Huck even believes that he will be damned for breaking the law to help Jim escape, yet he cannot ignore or overcome the notion that Jim is his friend - and a good one - deserving of his help. The salient point in Huck's deliberations really is the care and friendship that Jim showed to Huck throughout their journey together. 

Betraying Jim would be tantamount to betraying the values of friendship. This, ultimately, is an immoral act in Huck's view. 

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