In Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, what literary devices are present in Juliet's opening monologue, act 3, scene 2? Refer to the monologue beginning, "Gallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds..."

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Considered one of the most powerful passages on feminine desire in Shakespeare, Juliet’s monologue is also packed with literary devices. The monologue opens as an invocation to the “steeds,” or horses, of the sun god Apollo, asking them to speed to “Phoebus’ lodging” in the West and usher in night. Under “cloudy” cover of the night, Juliet will be able to meet Romeo, her bridegroom. The use of alliteration in the five opening lines – “fiery-footed” steeds, “whip you to the west” conveys the urgency and power of Juliet’s longing for Romeo. The allusion to Phaethon as Juliet’s “wagoner” of choice doubles down on this urgency, since Phaethon, in Greek mythology, was the son of Helios (a sun god later conflated with Apollo) who veered wildly off course while rushing his father's horses. However, since Phaethon met a tragic fate, Juliet’s reference foreshadows the fate of the mutual, consuming love between her and Romeo.

Shakespeare layers the idea of the...

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