In Pride and Prejudice, how does Mr. Darcy fall in love with Elizabeth? What aspects of her character does he fall for, and where is this shown in the novel?

In Pride and Prejudice, Mr. Darcy falls in love with Elizabeth Bennet because of her lively spirit and, in particular, because she stands up to him and refuses to flatter him. He also comes to find her attractive, especially her eyes, though at first he considered her not pretty enough to dance with. We can see this love beginning to emerge in chapter 6 and continuing in chapter 32, shortly before he proposes marriage.

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In chapter 6, at a large gathering at Sir William Lucas's, Darcy, unbeknownst to Elizabeth , realizes he is interested in her. She excites his curiosity with her "easy playfulness." Although he earlier thought her not pretty enough to bother dancing with, the more he looks at her,...

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In chapter 6, at a large gathering at Sir William Lucas's, Darcy, unbeknownst to Elizabeth, realizes he is interested in her. She excites his curiosity with her "easy playfulness." Although he earlier thought her not pretty enough to bother dancing with, the more he looks at her, the more he discerns she is attractive. She has "lively eyes," he notes, and he finds her figure "light and pleasing."

By the time they meet at Sir William's, Darcy is more than willing to dance with Elizabeth—but she pays him back for his former rude comments about not wanting to dance with her by refusing him. This rejection makes her much more desirable to him. As the wealthy and great Lord Darcy, he is used to women constantly flattering him and treating him deferentially, so Elizabeth's refusal to play that game draws him in. As Austen's narrator puts it, "He began to wish to know more of her."

Darcy is the classic case of falling hard for the woman who is "hard to get," the one woman who is willing to speak to him honestly and who refuses to be impressed by him. Of course, Elizabeth isn't play acting. She genuinely thinks at first that he is an arrogant jerk—and her unimpressed attitude towards him is what intrigues him.

His growing interest is shown, too, when he comes to Lady Catherine's estate at Rosings while Elizabeth is visiting Charlotte at the parsonage. In chapter 32, he often visits the parsonage and sits in silence, to the point that Charlotte begins to wonder if he is in love with her friend. Of course he is, though Elizabeth can't see it. Soon a marriage proposal will come.

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Mr. Darcy fell in love with Elizabeth gradually but intensely. The first time he is shown to be attracted to her is in chapter 6, where he notices the "beautiful expression of her dark eyes." At this point, he has been eavesdropping on her conversations, which are having an impact on him. Though Darcy tries to appear indifferent to Elizabeth, his eavesdropping betrays his desire to get to know her better. In spite of his pride and "critical eye" he must admit to himself that she has a "light and pleasing" figure and manners that show an "easy playfulness." Even when she appears at Netherfield having walked through muddy puddles to reach Jane in chapter 8, he notices that her eyes were "brightened by the exercise." By chapter 11, he is thoroughly impressed by Elizabeth's personality, conversation, wit, and liveliness—so much so that "he began to feel the danger of paying Elizabeth too much attention." In chapter 34, he finally declares his ardent love for her.

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Even Darcy himself struggles to answer this question. In chapter 60, Elizabeth asks Darcy to explain how, when, or why he fell in love with her:

she wanted Mr. Darcy to account for his having ever fallen in love with her. “How could you begin? . . . what could set you off in the first place?”

At this point in the novel, Elizabeth has already agreed to marry Mr. Darcy. Neither Elizabeth nor Mr. Darcy greatly enjoyed each other's company early in the book. Mr. Darcy, however, steadily grows in admiration of Elizabeth. He proposes to her, for the first time, midway through the novel. She refuses this first proposal, shocked that he would ever consider such a match, but she learns to appreciate and love Mr. Darcy as they continue to interact in the second half of the book. He responds to Elizabeth's question:

I cannot fix on the hour, or the spot, or the look, or the words, which laid the foundation. It is too long ago. I was in the middle before I knew that I had begun.

She then recounts their initial observations of one another and early feelings toward each other. At first, he had refused an opportunity to dance with her with his infamous line,

She is tolerable, but not handsome enough to tempt me (chapter 3).

Clearly, Darcy does not fall in love with Elizabeth simply for her appearance. She also doubts that he could have fallen in love with her early manners and actions:

my behaviour to you was at least always bordering on the uncivil, and I never spoke to you without rather wishing to give you pain than not. Now be sincere; did you admire me for my impertinence? (chapter 60)

Impertinence refers to disrespect or discourtesy. In our modern language, we might call impertinence an extreme form of sassiness. Darcy takes this negative word, impertinence, and rephrases it in a positive manner:

For the liveliness of your mind, I did (chapter 60).

He tells her that he appreciated her clever words (or, perhaps, her well-planned sass). Additionally, he mentions the "affectionate behavior" that Elizabeth showed Jane when she got ill and was forced to stay at the Bingley's house until she got better. Mr. Darcy learned to look past mere physical appearance. Yes, it does seem that Mr. Darcy grew to think that Elizabeth is beautiful as time progressed. In a conversation with Miss Bingley he announces,

I have been meditating on the very great pleasure which a pair of fine eyes in the face of a pretty woman can bestow.

When she asks him whose eyes captured his attention, he responds:

Miss Elizabeth Bennet (chapter 6).

However, it isn't Elizabeth's physical beauty alone that draws his love and affection. Darcy admits to appreciating Elizabeth's active mind and her passionate concern for her friends and family. Her love and concern for others is seen not only when Elizabeth cares for her sister Jane when she got ill, but is also seen when Elizabeth goes to visit her friend Charlotte Lucas after Charlotte marries an irksome husband for money and comfort rather than love.

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