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In paragraph form and with reference to "November Sun," discuss the poet's use of personification.

In "November Sun," the poet uses personification to create a tone of desolation, noting particularly the way the November sun abandons humanity and causes Canada to be pulled down into a dreary coldness.

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The personification in "November Sun" shows the contrast in setting between the harsh Canadian winters and its summers, which are rich in beauty and life.

In the opening line, the November sun is personified as searching for the speaker, who cannot be found and seems to even evade the efforts of this sun. Notice the actions which are associated with the sun in these opening lines. It "slants around" and "dives," conjuring images of a thief or other untrustworthy character.

Compare this personification to that of the summer sun. A warmer image is presented with this sun which "take[s] [the speaker] in its arms" amid life-giving natural imagery of grasses and creeks.

The winter sun, by contrast, "fiercely forget[s]" about the speaker, turning its face to the southern hemisphere. This personification seems an intentional cruelty of the sun, as it causes the life around the speaker to "shorten and stall" as people pile up on top of each other inside the house to avoid the neglect of the sun in the natural world.

The personification of the November sun creates a tone of desolation which is further captured by a lack of punctuation and an exaggerated spacing between words instead. The form reflects this same sense of disoriented emotional abandonment as he feels his country "tipping away, pulling / down" into the depths of a cold despair in the wake of the November sun's abandonment of humanity.

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