Nicomachean Ethics Questions and Answers
by Aristotle

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In Nicomachean Ethics, Book V, Aristotle discusses several forms of justice. Choose one, briefly explain what that form of justice is. Does that notion of justice resonate with you? Why or why not?

In Book V of Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle classifies justice into several categories depending on the application of its principles in various contexts: universal justice, particular justice, distributive justice, rectificatory justice, political justice, and household justice.

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To start this assignment, you first need to know the forms of justice Aristotle discusses in Book V of Nicomachean Ethics. Let's review some of these. Aristotle first distinguishes between complete or universal justice, which describes a person who is generally virtuous in his conduct in his own affairs and toward others, and particular or partial justice, which deals with the distribution of goods between people so that there is a proper balance.

Aristotle further distinguishes two forms of particular justice. Distributive justice makes sure that wealth is evenly distributed among people in society in a fair, proportionate manner according to people's merits. Good people deserve more honor, wealth, and other goods than bad people. Rectificatory or corrective justice, on the other hand, corrects an imbalance in distribution caused by an act of injustice in either a voluntary (like trade) or involuntary (like theft) transaction.

Aristotle further classifies justice as either political or household justice. Political justice ensures that the laws of a society are fair and equal for all citizens as much as possible. Household justice deals with relationships between members of a domestic household.

Now, with these types of justice in mind, think about which forms of justice resonate with you. Perhaps you have just experienced a conflict in your family. In that case, household justice might be foremost in your mind. Perhaps you feel like you've gotten the raw end of a deal in business agreement or that you pay far too much money for certain goods and services. If so, you might want to discuss rectificatory justice. Perhaps you are working hard to improve yourself in terms of virtue. Then you may want to reflect more on universal justice. Just be sure to explain how your chosen form of justice applies to your life at this moment.