In Macbeth, what predictions do the witches make about Banquo?  

In Macbeth, each of the witches makes a prediction about Banquo. One says he will be greater than Macbeth, and the second says he will be both happier and unhappier than Macbeth but will be greater. The third witch says Banquo will be the progenitor of kings but not king himself. The prophecies are later supported by images of kings who resemble Banquo and of his ghost, which the witches show to Macbeth.

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In act 1, scene 3 of William Shakespeare's Macbeth, three witches make three prophecies to Macbeth and to Banquo. The major differences between the prophecies made to Macbeth and those made to Banquo are that Macbeth's prophecies are clear and straightforward, whereas Banquo's prophecies are paradoxical and enigmatic.

The truth of the prophecies made to Macbeth is aided by the fact that two of the prophecies are true even before they're told to him. Macbeth is already thane of Glamis and thane of Cawdor before act 1, scene 3 even begins. Macbeth has been thane of Glamis since the death of his father about fifteen years earlier, and Macbeth is made thane of Cawdor by King Duncan in act 1, scene 2.

DUNCAN. Go pronounce his [the thane of Cawdor's] present death,
And with his former title greet Macbeth.
(act 1, scene 2, lines 74–76)

Macbeth's third prophecy, that he "shalt be King hereafter!" actually comes true, although no one can be certain that Macbeth would have become king if he would have let fate take its course, rather than murder Duncan and usurp the throne of Scotland himself.

MACBETH. If chance will have me king, why, chance
may crown me
Without my stir.
(act 1, scene 3, lines 155–157)

The prophecies made to Banquo that he is now, or ever will be, "lesser than Macbeth and greater" and "not so happy, yet much happier" are only partially borne out in the play. Banquo is of equal rank as Macbeth—both are generals in Duncan's army— but a lesser warrior than Macbeth and of better character. Banquo is simply a better person than Macbeth.

It's difficult to explain how Banquo can be happier than Macbeth when Macbeth has Banquo murdered, except for the prophecy to mean that Banquo didn't have to suffer through the remorse, regret, and madness that Macbeth suffers in the play, not to mention being constantly berated by Lady Macbeth.

As far as the prophecy that Banquo "shalt get kings, though thou be none" is concerned, it's true that Banquo doesn't become king, though the prophecy in its entirety doesn't necessarily come true in the play. The three murderers that Macbeth sends to kill Banquo and his son, Fleance, manage only to kill Banquo, and Fleance escapes. Fleance never again appears in the play, and it is Duncan's son, Malcolm, who becomes king, not Fleance.

Shakespeare's subtle references to James I himself—the "two-fold balls and treble scepters"—that Shakespeare interjects into the apparition of the never-ending parade of kings descended from Banquo flatters James I (who believes he is a descendant of Banquo), but none of these descendants ever technically become king within the play.

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In Macbeth, the predictions of the three witches seem to contain paradoxes. The statements they make about individuals resonate with their overall pronouncement that "fair is foul" and vice versa. In act 1, scene 3, when Banquo and Macbeth encounter the sisters together, each of them makes predictions about both men. Several of these involve the identity of the future kings of Scotland. After Banquo dies, which is partly a consequence of Macbeth’s attitudes toward the prophecies, Macbeth sees the sisters again (act 4, scene 1). They reveal a vision of future kings who resemble Banquo.

In the first act, each witch makes a distinct statement about Banquo. The first witch states that Banquo will be both "lesser than Macbeth and greater." The second one makes a contradictory statement about happiness. Banquo will be "not so happy, yet much happier" than Macbeth. The third speaks specifically about Banquo’s future in relationship to kings. He will not be king, but his descendants will be kings. "Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none,” she says. "Get" here is short for "beget," or be the progenitor.

Their predictions of Banquo’s future are contrasted to the three they make for Macbeth, one of which indicates that he will be king. Banquo is deeply suspicious, warning his friend about possible harm and betrayal that may stem from the prophecies. As Macbeth’s ambition and fears increase, he decides it is too risky to leave Banquo and his son, Fleance, alive. The assassins he sends after them succeed in killing Banquo, but Fleance escapes (act 3, scene 3).

When Macbeth visits the sisters in act 4, scene 1, the initial prophecies are substantiated by a vision they reveal. He asks directly if Banquo’s descendants or "issue" will reign in Scotland. They show him images of eight kings who resemble Banquo in some way. In addition, Banquo’s smiling ghost appears and points at them, thus confirming they are likely his descendants.

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The first and only time the Weird Sisters interact with Banquo, they tell him,

Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none.  (1.3.68)

In other words, then, Banquo will never be king himself -- as Macbeth will -- but those in his line of descendants will be kings.  In this way, he is lesser than Macbeth because he will never be king, but he is also greater than Macbeth because he will sire children who will sire children who will be kings.  His line will live on, though Macbeth's will die.  Banquo will not be as happy as Macbeth because he will not rule himself.  However, he will be happier than Macbeth for the same reason that he will be greater.

Though Banquo never again interacts with the Weird Sisters, they do provide yet another prophecy regarding Banquo when Macbeth visits them a second time.  Macbeth asks if Banquo's "issue [will] ever / Reign in this kingdom" (4.1.108).  The witches answer him by showing him a line of eight kings, the last one holding a mirror.  Each of these eight kings bears some physical resemblance to Banquo, and then, finally, the ghost of Banquo, bloodied from his murder, smiles at Macbeth and "points at them for his" (4.1.129).  The mirror held by the last one seems to signify that Banquo's line will go on and on.

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dneshan answers the main level of this question, but below the surface is the likelihood that Shakespeare's witches are far more conspiritors than they are simple fortune tellers. As the play unfolds, it is this very prediction that Banquo "shalt get Kings" that serves as the motivating drive for Macbeth's decision to murder his best friend. The theme of deception and twisted truths is at play in this seemingly simple and nearly--at the start--innocent prediction that even Banquo and Macbeth take lightly at first.

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In Act I, scene iii, Macbeth and Banquo go to visit the witches .  During this meeting, the prediction that the three witches make about Banquo is that his sons would be kings.  The first witch says, "Lesser than Macbeth, and greater." (Act I, scene iii)  The second says, "Not so happy, yet much happier." (Act I, scene iii). And the third witch finishes the prophecy when she states, "Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none: /So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!" (Act I, scene iii.)

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