In Macbeth, what are four personality traits that Banquo possesses? Please provide supporting quotes.

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At the beginning of the play, Banquo is depicted as a valiant, loyal soldier who is a fierce warrior on the battlefield. In act 1, scene 2, King Duncan asks his Captain if Macbeth and Banquo were frightened when the Norwegian forces entered the battle. The Captain responds by elaborating...

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At the beginning of the play, Banquo is depicted as a valiant, loyal soldier who is a fierce warrior on the battlefield. In act 1, scene 2, King Duncan asks his Captain if Macbeth and Banquo were frightened when the Norwegian forces entered the battle. The Captain responds by elaborating on Banquo's courageous performance by saying:

Yes, as sparrows eagles, or the hare the lion.
If I say sooth, I must report they were
As cannons overcharged with double cracks,
So they doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe.
Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
Or memorize another Golgotha (1.2.35–40)

Shortly after receiving the seemingly favorable prophecies from the Three Witches, Banquo displays his discerning, cautious nature by questioning the witches' intentions. Banquo recognizes that the witches may be malevolent and not necessarily have their best interests in mind. Banquo then tells Macbeth:

That, trusted home,
Might yet enkindle you unto the crown,
Besides the thane of Cawdor. But ’tis strange.
And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,
The instruments of darkness tell us truths,
Win us with honest trifles, to betray ’s
In deepest consequence (1.3.122–128)

In act 2, scene 1, Banquo reveals that he is a morally upright man with integrity. When Macbeth promises to reward Banquo for his service and loyalty once he becomes king, Banquo demonstrates his honorable nature by saying:

So I lose none
In seeking to augment it, but still keep
My bosom franchised and allegiance clear,
I shall be counselled (2.1.27–30)

In act 2, scene 3, Macbeth assassinates King Duncan, and the Scottish thanes are appalled to hear the news of Duncan's death. Banquo is heartbroken and upset at the news but reveals his determined, resolute nature by instructing the thanes to meet in hopes of discovering the murderer. Banquo says:

...And when we have our naked frailties hid,
That suffer in exposure, let us meet
And question this most bloody piece of work,
To know it further. Fears and scruples shake us.
In the great hand of God I stand, and thence
Against the undivulged pretense I fight
Of treasonous malice (2.3.124–130)

Overall, Banquo is depicted as a loyal, morally upright man with integrity who exercises caution when interacting with the Three Witches, and he becomes a victim of Macbeth's tyrannical reign.

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Banquo is ambitious. He, like Macbeth, prompts the Weird Sisters to tell his fortune. However, there is one big difference: Banquo's not prepared to break his oath of loyalty to Duncan in order to achieve his ambitions. Nevertheless, ambitious he remains, as can be seen from his soliloquy in Act III Scene I:

Thou hast it now: king, Cawdor, Glamis, all,
As the weird women promised, and I fear
Thou played’st most foully for ’t. Yet it was said
It should not stand in thy posterity,
But that myself should be the root and father
Of many kings.
There's clearly more than a hint of resentment in Banquo's words. And he suspects that Macbeth performed dark deeds to win all his various titles. But he comforts himself with the fact that his descendants, and not Macbeth's, will one day sit on the throne. Banquo is highly ambitious, but is at least able to transfer his ambition to those who'll come after him.
 
Banquo is supremely loyal to King Duncan, his lord and master. Though ambitious, as we've just seen, he'd never dream of carrying out an assassination in order to claim the throne as Macbeth does. Yet he also shows great loyalty to Macbeth, who promises to reward his friend one day. To which Banquo responds:
So I lose none
In seeking to augment it, but still keep
My bosom franchised and allegiance clear,
I shall be counselled. (Act II Scene I)
And this excerpt shows another of Banquo's characteristics: his integrity. He's pledged his loyalty to Macbeth, but at the same time wants to keep his conscience clear. Banquo's loyalty to Macbeth isn't absolute; he'll do anything for him just as long as it doesn't offend his conscience. This, more than anything else, makes him a foil to Macbeth. It also make him a potential threat to Macbeth's throne.
 
Banquo is also a profoundly noble character. Macbeth, in a fit of jealousy, refers to his "royalty of nature." (Act III Scene I). Though Macbeth is the king, it is Banquo who has the natural qualities of a monarch, and Macbeth deeply resents him for it.
 
 
 
 
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Instead of thinking first about the qualities of Banquo it would be well worth your while to think a bit wider in terms of Banquo's overall function in the play, and from that point go back and pick out his characteristics.

In this play one of the main purposes of Banquo's character is to act as a contrast to the character of Macbeth. Banquo is brave and noble - characteristics that Macbeth arguably doesn't possess. Interestingly, like Macbeth, Banquo is ambitious, but signficantly, unlike Macbeth, Banquo does not act on those ambitious thoughts to convert them into action. Indeed, Banquo has the presence of mind or the ability to question the weird sisters and their prophecies: "oftentimes, to win us to their harm, / The instruments of darkness tell us truths, / Win us with honest trifles, to betray us." This ability to reflect on the prophecies is a quality that Macbeth definitely does not possess.

If you think about this comparison a bit further it is clear that Banquo's character stands in the play for a path that Macbeth did not take, and acts as a reminder that ambition by itself does not necessarily have to be translated into treachery and assassination. We can see therefore why it is Banquo's ghost (and not the ghost of Duncan) that haunts Macbeth and why this haunting is so powerful. The ghost interestingly reminds Macbeth that Banquo did not copy Macbeth's response to the witches' prophecy.

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