Here is a brief outline of how regicide inverts the Great Chain:
Worst Crimes in Elizabethan England
1.Regicide: murder of king (equivalent to killing God)
2.Parricide: murder of a parent or family member
Regicide: Inverting the Great Chain
•Murderers become King/Queen.
•Witches become advisers.
•Earth becomes tied to hell, instead of heaven.
•Thanes kill rather than protect.
•The good become evil.
•The eloquent lose voice.
•Plants, animal kindgoms affected.
Great Chain of Being – Natural Order (what should have been)
Highest in Macbeth (beginning of play):
2.Prince of Cumberland (Malcolm)
4.Thanes of Cawdor (traitor)
5.Thane of Glamis (Macbeth)
●The Very Lowest: Those who commit Regicide
After the Murder (the natural world revenges and restores itself against the unnatural)
● the lowest reigns (Macbeth) and seeks advice from the second lowest (Wtiches)
● Division of labor: Macbeth no longer seeks advice from Lady Macbeth (her descent into madness, death is quicker)
● No one sleeps
● "No tomorrow": time is disrupted
● Lady Macbeth's mental illness / suicide
●Horses eat each other
●Thanes fly from Macbeth
●The Christ-figure Macduff ("supernatural birth") revenges his family
●Nature takes revenge on Macbeth (Birnham Wood marches to Dunsinane Hill)