Two separate illustrations of an animal head and a fire on a mountain

Lord of the Flies

by William Golding

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In Lord of the Flies, how does the concept of hunting as the enemy of the social order relate to the story, with examples from the book? I need to have a thesis statement, two body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

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Hunting itself is not necessarily the enemy to the civilized social order as boys like Ralph and Piggy understand it in the novel. But a thesis statement could argue that hunting is the beginning of bringing out the sadistic behavior in the boys that works to destroy civilized norms among them. Jack is able to lure most of the boys to his side not by use of reason but by playing on their desires to abandon a disciplined life that defers gratification for a life of hunting, smearing themselves with paint, and enacting barbaric rituals.

You might note in your first point that from the start, Ralph puts Jack in charge of the hunting by asking him what he wants his choir to be. Jack says "hunters." He will later say to Ralph:

“You need an army—for hunting. Hunting pigs—”

The hunting becomes connected to the search to find and destroy the frightening beast the boys believe inhabits the island. Ralph senses that this hunt for the beast and hunting in general are unleashing the irrational and dangerous. He feels he is facing something "ungraspable" and tells Jack and the others:

“There isn’t a beast!”

However, there is the beast within, and your second point could focus on how the dangers of hunting come out most fully in the scene in which Jack and Roger sadistically kill the pig. This becomes a reenacted ritual that is later used to illustrate the irrational side of the boys. They replay the pig killing, chanting:

Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Bash her in.

This instinct to kill, unleashed by hunting, overflows and leads to the mob violence that kills Simon when the boys irrationally mistake him for the beast. As Simon is the Christ figure in the novel, we can see how killing him helps destroy civilized norms.

To organize this paper, you could start with the first point, which is that hunting helps Jack recruit boys away from rational governance and, second, that it rips away civilized norms, especially in the sadistic killing of the pig. From there you could go to the second point, in which the frenzied reenacting of the killing of the pig leads to the mob violence that kills Simon. In your conclusion, you could describe how a destructive force is unleashed that leads to the boys burning down the island's jungle.

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