In Hamlet’s first soliloquy that begins, “O, that this too too-solid flesh would melt,” Hamlet exclaims, "Frailty—thy name is woman!" This is a very famous line. Hamlet states this in reference to whom? Why does he say this?

Hamlet addresses his line "Frailty—thy name is woman!" to his mother, Queen Gertrude. Hamlet is angry that his mother has remarried so quickly after his father's death. He believes that she is frail and weak for forgetting his father so quickly and moving on to his brother, Claudius.

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Shakespeare's famous tragedy Hamlet centers around the turmoil Prince Hamlet endures. Before the play begins, his father dies unexpectedly. He returns home to find that his mother has quickly remarried. To make it more difficult, Queen Gertrude has married her first husband's brother, Claudius.

In his act 1, scene 2 soliloquy, Hamlet explains to the audience that women are both physically and mentally weak, so he exclaims, "Frailty, thy name is woman!" because of his mother's inability to stand up to Claudius. Hamlet feels that his mother has forgotten his father and replaced him too quickly with his brother.

When you look at the line in context, Hamlet outlines his parents' marriage and compares how much his mother seemed to love him to how quickly she has moved on from his memory. Hamlet remembers how Gertrude would fall on every word her husband said and how she would stare at him the same way someone who is starving looks at food; however, just two months after his death, she is now looking at another man in the same way. Hamlet can't understand how she could have loved his father so much but then moved on so quickly.

Another source of Hamlet's anger towards his mother is that she displays a lack of understanding as to why her son is upset. When he continues to dress in black, the traditional colors of mourning, she laughingly questions his attire, suggesting that he should just move on.

Hamlet considers his mother frail because he sees her decisions as those of a weak woman.

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