In Faust, what happens to Mephistopheles and Faust in the end?

Faust ends with the titular character evading damnation and finding redemption in God's grace and love for other people, with Mephistopheles losing his hope of attaining Faust's soul.

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Unlike Marlowe's Faust, whose pride blinds him to God's mercy, love, and forgiveness so that, in the end, he misses redemption and falls into Satan's grip, in Goethe's work, Faust ascends to heaven amid a cloud of angels. There he experiences mercy, love, and joy.

In Goethe's Romantic retelling...

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Unlike Marlowe's Faust, whose pride blinds him to God's mercy, love, and forgiveness so that, in the end, he misses redemption and falls into Satan's grip, in Goethe's work, Faust ascends to heaven amid a cloud of angels. There he experiences mercy, love, and joy.

In Goethe's Romantic retelling of this story, human effort is rewarded by God, as we learn at the end:

He who strives on and lives to strive
Can earn redemption still

This optimistic play shows that humans do not have to be damned by experience, even bad experiences, but can learn from them what is truly valuable. The devil doesn't damn Faust but unwittingly teaches him lessons about what is important in life.

Faust at first falls into the devil's hands, duped by his lies. For example, he falls into a lustful desire for the 14-year-old Margarete. Faust wants her and follows Mephistopheles's advice by urging Margarete to give her mother a sleeping potion that turns out to be poison. Faust causes the innocent Margarete to murder her mother—however, he also learns from her example that there is another path than the one he has chosen when she prefers to die and trust herself to God rather than flee with Faust and Mephistopheles.

God's presence as healing, loving balm breaks through the devil's wiles to sooth Faust at key moments. Further, his experiences of sin leave Faust so empty that he turns to the more satisfying tasks of doing good and helping others at the end of his life. Faust's ability to learn, to think for himself, and to grow lead to his ultimate redemption.

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At the end of Goethe's Faust, Faust dies, but rather than being damned, his soul is reclaimed by the angels and he rejoins Gretchen in heaven. By part 2 of Faust, Faust has become an old and powerful man. However, the sight of a chapel and the hut of an old married couple disturbs him, since he knows neither grace nor human love in his own life. He orders that the peasant couple be evicted so he will not have to bear their presence, but Mephistopheles ends up killing the couple as well, which Faust had not intended.

Motivated by his guilt, Faust decides to help his people. While going through his plans to improve the lives of his people, he feels a great moment of happiness, which he tries to prolong. However, he falls down dead. When Mephistopheles comes to claim Faust's soul with a party of demons, a flock of angels appear and takes Faust away just in time, leaving Mephistopheles frustrated and defeated. He is brought to the presence of the Virgin Mary, Gretchen, and three women mentioned in the New Testament, where Gretchen and the women plead for the salvation of Faust's soul. The Virgin grants their desire.

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Faust was written in two parts, so we are treated to two different endings. In part 1, Mephistopheles helps Faust to seduce Gretchen, who through a series of unfortunate events ends up in prison for murder. Faust goes to the prison to try and persuade Gretchen to flee with him, otherwise she will be executed. She refuses, and Faust and Mephistopheles leave her to her fate. At the climax of Faust, in part 2, Faust is now an old man. Having misused his powers for so long, he finally decides to improve people's lives and has a moment of realization in which he glimpses true bliss. Overwhelmed, he dies happy. Mephistopheles attempts to claim Faust's soul but is distracted by a group of angels who take Faust with them to heaven.

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In Goethe's Faust, at the beginning, to prove to Mephisopheles that all men are not evil, The Lord wagers with the other that Faust, The Lord's servant, can be saved. Mephistopheles has taken the wager and does all that he can to win Faust's soul, by tempting him in every way.

Faust uses Gretchen poorly, but when she dies, she is saved by The Lord in the end. There is a segment of the story where Faust becomes enchanted with Helen of Troy and tries to take her away, but Paris stops him and Mephisto takes Faust away. In the next segment of Part I, Faust and Mephisto travel to Walpurgis Night, the witches' Sabbath. Faust sees many amazing sights there, but leaves still wanting to find Helen. In Part II, Faust is successful in liberating Helen from the Underworld and winning her. They have a son, who dies. At this point Helen must return to the Underworld and leave Faust.

Helen then leaves Faust, expressing that happiness and beauty cannot be permanently combined.

By Act IV of Part II, Faustconsoles himself with a new plan. He has decided to take back land that the sea has overrun. Ready to wage war against nature, Faust finds himself in a war, helping the Emperor he had met earlier to be victorious. At the end, he is given his own ship.

As Faust tries to carry out his plan from the previous act, he attempts to buy land from an old couple, who refuse. Faust asks Mephisto to evict and relocate the peasants, but instead, they are killed and Faust is overcome with anger and remorse. Believing he is at fault, he commences to doing penance to try to make right the wrong that has been committed. He is told that he cannot be successful in his plan for the land, and even blinded, but he refuses to give up, wanting to achieve this last good for the people.

At the end of the summary, we discover Faust's fate: as The Lord has wagered...

Faust has a vision of people living on his reclaimed lands and proudly says the words from his agreement with Mephisto in Part I: 'Stay, Thou art so fair.' He immediately dies, but his soul is saved before Mephisto and his demons have a chance to claim it.

Faust goes to Heaven. There he finds Gretchen, his intercessor, waiting for him. In the company of the heavenly host, he will now endeavor to reach his "ultimate salvation."

Ironically, Mephistopheles is an integral part of the Lord’s design, as he tells Faust: 'A part of that power which always wills evil, but always does good.' While Mephisto represents negation, by tempting Faust toward surrender, he only succeeds in leading Faust toward his salvation.

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