In Nuruddin Farah’s novel Maps, Askar, the main character, seems split between a violent social model for Somalia and a peaceful, tolerant social model for Somalia.
The violent social model that Askar grapples with points to a type of nationalism. He views Somalia as a place that offers shelter and sustenance to Somalians specifically.
In the second paragraph of chapter 6, Askar describes Somalia as a “many-breasted mother.” In return for all that she (Somalia) gives to her people, she demands,
[A] loyalty of one, loyalty to an ideal, allegiance to an idea, the notion of nationhood.
The implications of nationalism are lethal. They exude people like his foster mom Misra. Misra has Ethiopian roots. Due to her mixed identity, she is killed by Somalian nationalists.
However, through Misra, Askar demonstrates that he’s open to an ethnically-diverse social model that’s not built on an exclusive form of Somalian nationality.
About halfway through the story, Askar makes it clear to Misra that he possesses the capabilities to kill and carry out violence against his “enemy”.
“Kill? Kill whom?” asks Misra.
Askar doesn’t say. He doesn't clarify who the enemy is. The obfuscation suggests that there is no single, true enemy. It indicates that there is a kind Somalian nationhood that can integrate people like Misra. However, the implications of this social model might be lethal for Askar. If he’s seen as sympathetic to supposed enemies, he could be declared an enemy and killed like Misra.