In Fahrenheit 451, what is one of the three things Faber says is missing from society?

In Fahrenheit 451, Faber says that three things are missing from society. These things are high-quality information, the freedom to digest that information, and the ability to act based on what people learn from the interaction of those two things.

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When Montag visits Professor Faber in part 2 to learn how to interpret and understand the information he is reading, Faber gives Montag valuable insight into literature and the essential elements missing from their dystopian society. Professor Faber tells Montag that society is missing quality information, appropriate leisure time, and...

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When Montag visits Professor Faber in part 2 to learn how to interpret and understand the information he is reading, Faber gives Montag valuable insight into literature and the essential elements missing from their dystopian society. Professor Faber tells Montag that society is missing quality information, appropriate leisure time, and the ability to act upon the ideas and wisdom gained from studying, which are all fundamental elements derived from reading literature. One could make the argument that the ability to act upon the ideas derived from reading and studying is the most important element missing from Montag's superficial, mundane society.

Without literature, intellectual endeavors cease to exist, and enlightened culture erodes. Literature allows knowledge to be preserved and shared, which can have a positive impact on society. This third element also allows individuals the freedom to express themselves and motivates people to improve their world. Unfortunately, the destructive fireman organization and the totalitarian regime censor literature, stifling their society's growth and advancement.

Professor Faber's third missing element is what the government fears the most. The government knows that a passive, mindless society is easier to control and manipulate. By eliminating literature, the totalitarian regime effectively prevents dangerous ideas from being exchanged, which could threaten its authority and stability.

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In part two, Montag visits Faber's home in order to receive help comprehending the information he has been reading. During his visit, Faber elaborates on the importance of literature to society. Faber explains to Montag that there are three necessary elements missing from their dystopian society. He tells Montag that their society is in desperate need of quality information. In the dystopian nation, information has been diluted and watered down to the point that classic works of literature no longer resemble themselves. The population consumes mindless entertainment and intellectual pursuits are considered illegal. Without quality information, the population is becoming increasingly ignorant, intolerant, and violent.

The second essential element that society is missing is appropriate leisure time to digest quality information. Montag's society is fast-paced and immediate. Citizens no longer have leisure time to enjoy and analyze literature. Peacefully digesting quality information is an essential element to cultivating a benevolent, intelligent society.

The third element that society is missing concerns the right to carry out actions based on the first two essential elements. This aspect is significant because it is the end result of studying and learning quality information. Once a person attains quality information, digests and analyzes it, they are influenced to alter their behavior and act upon what they've read. Literature inspires individuals to view the world from different perspectives and act upon written ideas, which is why the authoritative government has censored books.

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In part two, "The Sieve and the Sand," Faber and Montag are discussing what needs to happen in order for society to appreciate literacy again. Faber says that three things must exist together in order for literacy to survive again:

"Number one, as I said: quality of information. Number two: leisure to digest it. And number three: the right to carry out actions based on what we learn from the interaction of the first two" (85).

The problem with the first element of literacy is that the firemen have been burning books for who knows how long. Quality information has been watered down and obliterated for so long that every bit of information that the society currently has is based on hedonism, not on the quality of ideas and concepts garnered from history or great thinkers throughout history.

The second element that Montag's society needs is not necessarily more leisure time, but for the populace to appreciate the quality information found in books. They need time to learn about the importance of literacy and then time to digest it and to appreciate it.

But the most important of these three elements is the third one. At the moment of Faber and Montag's discussion, they fear the consequences of reading, learning, and literacy. Without the third option—the freedom to be literate and to act on ideas gained from books—the other two elements are obsolete. That is why Faber and Montag decide to attack the firemen, those whom the public fears, so that the third element can make the first two possible.

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When Montag wonders why books are so important, Faber offers his opinion of three things that reading does for people. In terms of books, both the physical objects and the content are missing. Faber does not believe that the other media that are widely available provide the same opportunities as reading does. He tells Montag that books provide the quality and texture of a vast range of information. People not only need this variety but also require the time to digest it; true leisure, Faber says, allows the brain to process information and make new connections.

The third missing aspect is acting based on one’s own knowledge and convictions. Because people are receiving so much pre-processed information, they have lost the ability to work through the implications on their own. Reading books thus encourages critical thinking and ethical behavior.

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The three things that Faber mentions that are missing in our society correlate well with the three reasons that he gives Montag for the importance of reading.  When Montag goes to Faber's home, he is confused, upset, and just realizing how unhappy he is--along with almost everyone that he knows.  He wants to know why, and he thinks that the reasons must somehow have to do with books, since books are missing in their society.  Faber confirms that suspicion, and tells Montag of three things that reading can do for people.

1.  Reading has quality, or pores.  This means that it shows life as it REALLY is, not some airbrushed, happy version of what life really is.  If you think about television shows, their conflict always wraps up nicely within 30 minutes or so, and everyone is hunky-dory in the end.  Real life isn't like that.  It's messy, it's hard, and it puts people through a lot.  Books convey that, and in Montag's society people can't handle real life; when they do, they break down, like Millie does with her suicide attempt.

2.  Reading provides leisure, or the time to digest, process and think about information.  In Montag's society, everything is super fast-paced, and no one has the time to process or THINK about anything.  Even Millie herself says to Montag that when she's upset, rather than think about why, and trying to solve the problem, she just goes out and drives really, really fast to get her mind off of things.  Their society needs to just sit back and think for once; Faber says that books provided that leisure.

3.  Books prompt people to act on what they have learned.  No one acts on anything in Montag's society.  They are lazy, indulgent, and don't ever rebel, philosophize, form groups or protest.  They just take the information given to them, and conform; those that do act out, those rare few, are stifled.

These three deficiencies--which are also the things that books provided--make the people in Montag's society pretty miserable, and in the book, Montag journeys to a realization of that fact. I hope that those thoughts helped; good luck!

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There is a very particular set of three that fulfills your answer, and they can be found in books. Since books are missing from society, these three items are missing.

1. Quality of detail: Books allow folks the ability to experience fresh and rich detail. Books describe the human condition in a way that just doesn't occur in everyday conversation. Books allow us to feel.

2. Leisure to digest: Life often overwhelms us. We get too busy. Reading a book forces us to slow down. If we try to read a book to fast, we don't get it. Having time to deal with all of the issues in a book helps produce new perspectives in humanity.

3. Ability to act: Faber cites his own biggest weakness here. He is afraid of the government. After having read something important, a member of a society needs to act on what they have read. Montag demonstrates later in the book that he is indeed ready and willing. But he doesn't understand the first two steps because he hasn't experienced them.

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Obviously, the society in Fahrenheit 451 is missing books, but it's more than that. In a time when they have been inundated with passive and digestible media and their lives have been filled with activity as their minds are numbed by drugs, the world is lacking insight and introspection. This is a direct result of three main things that Faber says the world needs to recover.

First, it needs quality of information. Every type of media the people enjoy is senseless and not thought provoking, like the family room full of media screens that immerses Montag's wife in the petty squabbles of an imaginary community.

Second, it needs leisure to digest the information. The people's days are filled with dull and senseless activity, and therefore they can't spend time learning.

Finally, the society needs the right to act on what they learn by engaging in the first two activities. They are so heavily restricted and their lives guided that they have no freedom to pursue arts or improve themselves and their community with altruistic actions.

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One of the things that Faber highlights as missing from the society is leisure, the leisure to digest information received. The people are so brain washed and mind controlled by everything around them such that no one has the time to think about or process the information in their environment. Faber acknowledges that indeed, people have off hours, but even during these off hours their minds are not used to decipher information. Instead, people’s minds remain fully engaged in futile activities such as playing games or following the mind controlling broadcasts aired in the television parlors. The televised content is not only controlling but also rushed such that the viewers have no time to question or analyze what it is they have been fed with. This is unlike books which Faber points out a reader can “Play God” to by pausing from time to time to ponder on what they have just read.

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