In Elie Wiesel’s Night, how did Elie survive?

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In Elie Wiesel's classic novel Night, he recounts his harrowing experience surviving the Holocaust and provides readers with an in-depth look into the unimaginable horrors he endured in the Nazi concentration camps. Throughout his experience, Elie relies on his father, the kindness of others, and sheer luck to survive the Holocaust. Once Elie and his father arrive at Birkenau, he is in good enough health to pass the first selection and remains by his father's side. Inside the Nazi concentration camps, Elie receives small bits of advice, which gives him an advantage and allows him to avoid arduous labor.

Elie is fortunate enough to receive a relatively easy job working in an electrical warehouse in Buna, where he tries his best to avoid the wrath of violent kapos and SS officers. Elie maintains good enough health to pass a second selection. His father's presence motivates him to continue living. Despite experiencing constant fear, suffering from malnutrition, and narrowly passing the dreaded selection process, Elie maintains his will to live and continues to fight for his life.

Elie also loses his faith, which seems to strengthen his resolve and becomes his father's guardian in his last days. Tragically, Elie loses his will to live after his father passes away. He is eventually liberated by Soviet forces. Overall, Elie's survival was a combination of his strong will, fortune, and enduring motivation to remain by his father's side.

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