In chapter 7 of The Great Gatsby, why is Myrtle Wilson upset when she sees Tom and Jordan?

In chapter 7 of The Great Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson is upset when she sees Tom and Jordan because she thinks that Jordan is Tom's wife. Myrtle has never seen Daisy before, so when she sees Jordan with Tom, she assumes that Jordan is Daisy.

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Tom's mistress, Myrtle Wilson, is depicted as a sensual, naive character, who believes that Tom will eventually leave Daisy and rescue her from a mundane, lowly life by proposing and whisking her away. Unfortunately, Myrtle's fantasy cannot be further from the truth because Tom has no intention of leaving his wife and jeopardizing his social status. Although Myrtle has never seen Daisy before, she envies her and desires to take her place. Myrtle is filled with nothing but jealousy and contempt for Daisy when she reflects on her marriage and privileged lifestyle.

In chapter 7, Daisy suggests they all visit the city and rides with Gatsby into town. Tom, Nick, and Jordan follow them in Gatsby's yellow Rolls-Royce and stop at Wilson's station for gas. When Tom pulls up to Wilson's garage, Myrtle peers down from her upstairs apartment and mistakes Jordan for Daisy. It is easy to see why Myrtle would mistake Jordan for Daisy, who she has never seen, by assuming that Tom is driving his wife into the city. Nick happens to see Myrtle in the window staring at Jordan and notices that her eyes are fixed with a look of "jealous terror." Daisy has always been a touchy subject for Myrtle, and Tom has even beaten her for mentioning his wife's name. When Myrtle mistakes Jordan for Daisy, she is filled with a sense of overwhelming jealousy and fears her dream of marrying Tom is shattered, which explains her reaction when she sees Gatsby's car coming from the city later that day.

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The poor, deluded Myrtle Wilson has got it into her head that her lover Tom Buchanan's going to leave his wife, Daisy, and marry her. The sordid truth, however, is that Tom sees Myrtle as little more than a plaything or someone that he can control. He certainly has no intention of jeopardizing his eminent social status by divorcing Daisy and marrying someone from the lower classes.

But Myrtle's absolutely certain that she will be the next Mrs. Buchanan. In the meantime, she hates to be reminded of the fact that Tom's still married; it makes her uncomfortable, to say the least. So when she sees Tom with whom she believes to be Daisy, she gets very upset.

As it turns out, Tom is with Jordan, but because Myrtle's never actually seen Daisy before, she gets the wrong end of the stick and assumes that Jordan is Daisy. Almost unhinged with jealousy, Myrtle fixes her eyes upon Jordan, believing this to be the woman who stands between her and a lifetime of wedded bliss with Tom. Daisy is exactly where Myrtle wants to be; in fact, where she believes she is entitled to be. And so she's understandably jealous of her and fiercely so.

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On this incredibly hot and tense afternoon at the Buchanans' house, Daisy eventually suggests that she, Tom, Gatsby, Nick, and Jordan all go to New York City. When Tom casually remarks that "you can buy anything at a drugstore nowadays," he seems to be getting in a dig at Gatsby, who he now knows to be responsible for the illegal sale of grain alcohol at drugstores across the country. This is the era of Prohibition, and so Gatsby's activities make him a criminal.

When Tom stops the car he's driving—Gatsby's car—at George Wilson's gas station to fill up the tank, George's wife, Myrtle, with whom Tom has been having an affair, looks out the upper-story window and sees Jordan sitting in the car with Tom and Nick (both of whom she knows). She's never, however, seen Daisy, Tom's wife before. Nick says of Myrtle,

[. . .] I realized that her eyes, wide with jealous terror, were fixed not on Tom, but on Jordan Baker, whom she took to be his wife.

Thus, as Nick says, Myrtle is upset when she sees Jordan because she thinks that Jordan is actually Daisy, Tom's wife. Myrtle becomes incredibly jealous because Daisy occupies the position in Tom's life that Myrtle would like to have. Remember, earlier in the book, Tom slaps Myrtle for saying Daisy's name, breaking her nose. Myrtle wants to be the upper-class woman that Daisy is—she wants Daisy's status, money, and husband—so when she sees Jordan, thinking Jordan is Daisy, she grows livid with jealousy.

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In her wondering of what to do with themselves on a torrid afternoon, the jaded Daisy suggests that she and Tom, Nick and Jordan and Gatsby all go to the city. Noticing the electricity betweeen Gatsby and his wife, Tom's temper cracks and he trembles as he tries to control himself.  Then, when Gatsby suggests that they all go in his car, Tom asks if it is standard shift.  When Gatsby replies that it is, Tom says he will drive it and Gatsby can take his coupe; this is distasteful to Gatsby, but Tom overrides his objection that there is little gas in the car by replying that he can stop at a drug store, adding sarcastically, "You can buy anything at a drug store nowadays," implying the small value that he puts on his mistress, Mrytle Wilson.

Daisy refuses to accompany Tom in Gatsby's "circus wagon"; instead, Jordan and Nick get in.  As they pass through the Valley of Ashes, Jordan suggests that Tom buy gasoline, so, angrily, he screeches into the lot of Wilson's Garage. While they are there, Nick feels some eyes watching "with peculiar intensity from less than twenty feet away." These eyes belong to Myrtle Wilson, who mistakes Jordan for Daisy:

...her eyes, wide with jealous terror, were fixed not on Tom but on Jordan Baker, whom she took to be his wife.

Previously, Myrte has expressed her jealousy for Daisy in the New York apartment when she repeatedly said Daisy's name over and over until Tom punched her in the nose.

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