Although John Robinson did not make the voyage with the Pilgrims in 1620, he sent two letters to John Carver, both dated in July of 1620, with advice for the Pilgrims once they establish the colony in what is now Massachusetts. The second letter, most likely dated after July 20, 1620, reaches the Pilgrims after John Carver has died, but it is considered so important that William Bradford includes it as an appendix in Of Plymouth Plantation.
Robinson's letter comprises a set of spiritual and practical admonitions to the Pilgrims who are embarking on a perilous journey with an uncertain outcome. Robinson's motive is to remind the Pilgrims to exercise patience with themselves, their new life in an unknown land, and their new ways of governance.
As befitting a minister, Robinson first reminds the Pilgrims that
we are daily to renew our repentance with our God, especially for our sins known, and generally for our unknown trespasses, so doth the Lord call us in a singular manner upon occasions of...
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