Animal Farm Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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In chapter 6 of Animal Farm, what methods does Squealer use to manipulate the animals?  

In chapter 6 of Animal Farm, Squealer uses methods such as lying and gaslighting to manipulate the animals. The pigs have started trading with nearby farms, in clear violation of the principles of Animalism. But Squealer gaslights the animals by telling them that there was never a resolution against trading with the hated human enemy. He also twists the Fourth Commandment of Animalism to justify the pigs taking up residence in the farmhouse.

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By this stage in the story, the pigs are becoming more like humans every day. As well as lording it over the rest of the animals, they've also started to give themselves the kind of special privileges previously only available to Mr. Jones and his wife. Inevitably, this generates considerable disquiet among the animals. They begin to wonder what the point of the revolution was if the pigs start acting like the hated human oppressor.

Fortunately for Napoleon, his propagandist-in-chief, Squealer, is on hand to justify the pigs' seemingly unacceptable behavior. First, he resorts to gaslighting, manipulating the animals' minds to convince them that what they thought was true really isn't.

The animals are convinced that a resolution was made in the earliest stages of the revolution not to trade with humans. But Squealer convinces them that no such resolution was ever made. Squealer is assisted in this brazen deception by the fact that the animals are either illiterate or barely literate and so...

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