In chapter 19 of Of Plymouth Plantation, Bradford recounts the tale of one of the Puritans' more infamous English antagonists, Thomas Morton. On pages 154-156, what are a some of the various misdeeds that Bradford hoped to hold Morton accountable for? On page 172, Morton counters with his own criticism of the Puritans. What are the general positions of each side of this conflict? (Ex. The Puritans accuse Morton of X....Morton counters that the Puritans are really just....)

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I don't have the same pagination that you do, but Bradford was horrified when the lively and irreverent Morton, whom Bradford called an "atheist," established a rival colony with his men that was based far more on equality than Plymouth Plantation. Bradford was incensed when, in one incident, Morton put up a "pagan" Maypole and invited nearby Indians to dance around it with his men, hoping to attract Indian brides for them. All of this non-Christian "merriment" horrified Bradford, who also knew Morton was trying to entice colonists tired of the strictness of Plymouth Plantation rule to join his more free-thinking group.

It is hard to know which he thought was worse, but Bradford was also horrified that Morton started selling guns ("peeces") and bullets ("shot") to the Indians and teaching them how to use these guns. Morton recruited the Indians to hunt for him. This was a very successful business venture, as the Indians were stronger than the English, could run faster, and knew where the best game was. However, once armed with guns, the Indians became a threat to what Bradford called the "straggling" plantations—those sparsely settled areas near the borders, where the English had too little population to easily defend themselves against raids.

Finally fed up, Bradford sent an armed force to arrest Morton, which was done fairly easily, because, though belligerent, Morton was also, according to Bradford, drunk.

Morton was displeased with the strictness of the Puritan rule, called the Puritan's "moles," held them in open contempt, and felt they spent too much time worried about petty issues of no consequence.

Morton is one of the more colorful characters to people Bradford's account, and his fearless, free-thinking, and bold actions jump off the page, much as Bradford is beside himself with indignation at this man who refuses to toe the line.

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