At the end of chapter 10, the Giver tries using a simile to explain his experience of memories. He stops when he realizes that many of the terms have no meaning to Jonas whatsoever; because of the nature of their community, those terms have been stripped from the existence...
At the end of chapter 10, the Giver tries using a simile to explain his experience of memories. He stops when he realizes that many of the terms have no meaning to Jonas whatsoever; because of the nature of their community, those terms have been stripped from the existence of ordinary citizens. Thus, the Giver first decides to transmit a new experience: snow.
This is how chapter 11 begins. He first experiences the concept of snow, which feels like pinpricks but without pain, before he can label it. As he sits atop a "mound," he realizes that he sits on an object known as a sled. And suddenly his "new consciousness" realizes that the "mound" is actually called a hill. As the sled begins traveling downhill, Jonas understands that it is able to do so because of the objects called runners that are underneath it.
Jonas continues until he perceives a new concept: the hill begins to flatten. As the sled slows, Jonas doesn't want the experience to end. His consciousness returns to the Giver, and Jonas is immediately aware that this experience is better than Sameness. The Giver then wishes to transmit another memory to make sure Jonas can perceive the names of objects without the Giver providing them in advance, as he did with his simile in chapter 10.
In the next memory, Jonas lies outside and feels a warmth covering his entire body. He immediately perceives the new concept: sunshine. He and the Giver discuss the pain that will be found in the training, and Jonas asks for one of those memories, telling the Giver that he is brave enough to handle it. In the next memory, Jonas is outside in the sun and feels hours pass. When he tries to bend his arm, his inner arm at the elbow hurts. Jonas can't grasp the word for this sensation, so the Giver provides it for him: sunburn. Jonas believes that this is the great pain the Giver speaks of, which of course is minuscule compared to the pain he will eventually endure as his vocabulary and experience grow.