In book 14 of The Odyssey, why doesn't Odysseus reveal himself to Eumaeus when the swineherd gives ample evidence of his loyalty?

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Odysseus​ does not dare shed his disguise because it would risk compromising the very reason for assuming the disguise in the first place, which was indicated in the preceding book: ​Odysseus, after having returned to his native Ithaca from a long period away,​ consults with Athena about the measures to be taken to destroy the suitors, those who deplete his bountiful realm. In order to get revenge, he conceals his return from them; to do so more effectively, Athena changes his person into the figure of an old beggar.​ He is then instructed to stay the night with Eumaeus to collect information on the situation at his palace and with the suitors. Further, Odysseus​ would not dare disobey Athena, who instructed him in Book 13 to remain incognito. ​As she explains:

And secret walk unknown to mortal eyes.
For this, my hand shall wither every grace,
And...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 469 words.)

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