In book 1 of the Iliad, in the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon over the girl, what is Achilles’s view of his responsibility for himself and for the common welfare of the Greeks? What is Agamemnon’s view? In other words, what are their positions here about the situation as it affects themselves, each other, and the rest of the Greeks? Quote at least three words or phrases directly as evidence.

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In book 1 of Homer’s Iliad , the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon over the girl demonstrates their selfish and sacrificial views. Agamemnon thinks he deserves to keep Chryseis. Chryseis’s father, Chryses, asks Agamemnon to give her back. Agamemnon is insulted. He replies with indignation and threats. According to...

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In book 1 of Homer’s Iliad, the quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon over the girl demonstrates their selfish and sacrificial views. Agamemnon thinks he deserves to keep Chryseis. Chryseis’s father, Chryses, asks Agamemnon to give her back. Agamemnon is insulted. He replies with indignation and threats. According to Achilles, Agamemnon thinks of himself as, in Caroline Alexander's translation, “the best man in the army.” His big ego prevents him from sacrificing his prize. Agamemnon asks Achilles, “Do you intend—while you yourself have a prize—that I just sit here / without one?”

The view of Achilles seems to be that Agamemnon needs to get over himself. He wants Agamemnon to understand that he is responsible for the predicament of the soldiers. Achilles tells Agamemnon that neither he nor the other Greek soldiers fought the Trojans out of personal animosity. “But we followed you, O great shameless one, for your pleasure,” says Achilles. Achilles and the soldiers sacrificed for him, so Agamemnon should take their welfare into consideration.

Agamemnon is aware that his actions have had horrible consequences, like a long plague. Agamemnon is “willing to give her back” so that his “men be safe rather than perish.” Yet Agamemnon’s willingness to surrender Chryseis is conditional. He wants another prize of “equal value.” Since no such prize is offered, Agamemnon holds onto Chryseis.

Agamemnon's selfish views enrage Achilles. He threatens to kill Agamemnon. Eventually, Achilles takes reasonability for deescalating the quarrel. Begrudgingly, Achilles lets Agamemnon have Briseis, his “prize,” so that Chryseis can return to her dad.

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