In Animal Farm, why does Mollie leave the farm?

Mollie leaves the farm in Animal Farm to enjoy the luxuries of wearing ribbons, eating sugar cubes, and being pampered by humans. She does not subscribe to the principles of Animalism and is primarily concerned with enjoying a comfortable lifestyle. Mollie recognizes that she will be required to work on the farm and is prohibited from wearing ribbons or acquiring sugar, which motivates her to leave in search of an easier lifestyle that aligns with her interests.

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Mollie leaves Animal Farm fairly early in the story, and her departure does not represent any ideological differences that she has with the chief advocates of the rebellion, Napoleon and Snowball. In fact, her character is depicted as fairly superficial; she does not appear to have deep ideological beliefs at all.

She leaves because she is a vain and silly character who only cares about wearing ribbons in the hair of her mane and having treats in the form of sugar rewards. The first thing she asks about life after the rebellion is whether there will still be sugar treats. She also does not want to sacrifice her ribbons.

The pigs explain to her that the ribbons are a sign of how humans objectify and demean her. The ribbons reduce her to the humans’s plaything or pet, in their view, and take away the free will she can have once Animal Farm is run by animals. However, she is not interested in hearing their reasoning. She misses the frilly way the ribbons twirl when she shakes her mane. She misses how colorful and pretty they are and how they make her feel pretty. Regardless of the opportunity for self-rule that the pigs preach will come after the rebellion, she wants to be under human care when she can preen and be coiffed and taken care of.

It is no coincidence that her name is “Mollie.” She wants to be mollycoddled or treated with an "excessive or absurd degree of indulgence and attention," as the Merriam-Webster dictionary explains. She represents a certain type of individual for whom independence is not appealing. The pigs believe that the ribbons infantilize her, but she does not care. She is not willing to give them up or give up the sugar cube treats.

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In Orwell's classic novella, Mollie is an attractive white mare who is portrayed as an extremely superficial, vain horse. Mollie enjoys being pampered by Mr. Jones, showing off her ribbons, and eating lumps of sugar. Unlike the other animals on the farm, Mollie does not embrace the principles of Animalism. Her primary concern is whether or not there will still be lumps of sugar following the Rebellion. Mollie does not subscribe to Snowball's belief that her ribbons are a "badge of slavery." She gives no effort to helping the other animals complete the necessary work on the farm.
In chapter five, Clover confronts Mollie about allowing one of Mr. Pilkington's men to stroke her nose in an affectionate manner and discovers ribbons and lumps of sugar hidden in her stall. Three days later, Mollie disappears. Several pigeons spot her on the other side of Willingdon being pampered by a fat red−faced man who resembles a publican. It is important to note that Mollie's character allegorically represents the bourgeois middle class during the Russian Revolution. When the Bolsheviks demanded that the Russian bourgeois give up their luxuries, they abandoned the cause and fled West. Similarly, Mollie flees Animal Farm in order to enjoy the luxury of wearing ribbons, being pampered, and eating sugar cubes. Mollie's ideology does not align with the principles of Animalism. She is primarily concerned with enjoying a carefree, privileged lifestyle, which motivates her to flee the farm.
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In Animal Farm, Mollie does not give a reason for leaving the farm. However, by looking at chapter five, we can infer some reasons why she disappeared without warning.

For a start, we know that Mollie was the sort of animal who enjoyed being fussed over by her owners. She also loved wearing ribbons and eating cubes of sugar. When the animals expelled Jones from the farm, life for Mollie changed significantly because the wearing of ribbons and the eating of sugar cubes were no longer favored activities. Moreover, as we learn from the opening of chapter five, Mollie was not interested in doing any of the work required to maintain the farm and would often make excuses to get out of doing it.

What we can infer, then, is that Mollie leaves the farm because it no longer shares her values and supports the activities that she enjoys. This view is supported by the observations made by the pigeons after she leaves. Mollie is found in town, where she is being stroked and fussed over by a new human owner, suggesting that she would rather be an object of human affection and attention than an animal in charge of her own destiny.

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This is a good question. One of the first things that Mollie asks when the animals are talking about the rebellion is whether there will be sugar. This might sound like an odd and unimportant question, but it does show where Mollie's heart and priority is. According to the text, even after the rebellion, Mollie did not wholly embrace the new state of affairs. She would come to work late and leave early. At one point, she would be missing for days. She went over to other human farms. She found life there easier and more to her liking. They had sugar and ribbons for her hair. We know that she wanted this, because these objects were found hidden in her stall. Her is what the text says:

A thought struck Clover. Without saying anything to the others, she went to Mollie’s stall and turned over the straw with her hoof. Hidden under the straw was a little pile of lump sugar and several bunches of ribbon of different colours.

Three days later Mollie disappeared. For some weeks nothing was known of her whereabouts, then the pigeons reported that they had seen her on the other side of Willingdon.

Since Animal Farm is an allegory, we need to ask whom Mollie represents. If we do this, Mollie represents the aristocracy, who really only care about wealth. 

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