In Animal Farm, what are the living conditions like for all of the animals except the pigs and dogs?

At the end of Animal Farm, living conditions are harsh for all of the animals except the pigs and the dogs. The animals work very hard, are usually hungry, and sleep on straw. The pigs and dogs, in contrast, live in ease and luxury.

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When the animals rebel against man and finally remove Mr. Jones and his ilk from the farm, they have thoughts of a life of equality, free from the drudgery and slavery that man had imposed upon them. Little do they realize that their living conditions would worsen once the pigs and their slavish minions, the dogs, assume control.

Once the new order has been established, the pigs quickly ensure that they and the dogs lived in luxury. The general animal populace continue living in the same, if not worse, conditions they found themselves in before.

Things are undoubtedly changing when, at first, the milk disappears. Then the windfall apples are reserved for the pigs only, since, as Squealer explains, they are the "brainworkers" and need sustenance. It later becomes apparent that the milk is being mixed into the pigs' mash every morning. The other animals, however, do not enjoy any of these luxuries.

After some time, the pigs take up residence in the farmhouse and sleep in beds while the other animals have to be content with living in the barn. Their accommodation is precisely the same as it has always been. When the animals express their disquiet, Squealer once again uses rhetoric to put their minds at ease, stating that the pigs "should have a quiet place to work in."

When food becomes scarce, the other animals' supplies are rationed, and they have to make do with the little sustenance they receive. At the same time, they have to work much harder. They are cold, hungry, and exhausted. To add to their misery, Napoleon conducts a bloody purge by using his dogs to kill animals who confess that they had been secretly assisting Snowball in his attempts to overthrow the farm.

The general animal populace is now in fear for their lives, and none dare challenge Napoleon's authority. The farm has become a dictatorship with Napoleon at the helm. The introduction of specific protocols ensures that the animals are brainwashed into obeying his every command.

In the end,

it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer—except, of course, for the pigs and the dogs.

It is evident that only the pigs and dogs have benefited from the rebellion, and the other animals are worse off than before.

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After the Rebellion, the distinction between the pigs and the dogs and all the other animals grows ever larger. Instead of continue to improve, as the animals expected when the humans were expelled, their living conditions soon deteriorate. The pigs assume leadership roles, and the dogs become loyal to the pigs and vicious to all the others.

One thing they agreed on after the Rebellion is that they will not live in the farmhouse. Similarly, one of the Seven Commandments is “No animal shall sleep in a bed.” Although there are few references to the animals’ living quarters, Mollie is mentioned as living in a stall where contraband ribbons are stashed under the straw. When the other animals object to the pigs moving into the farmhouse, Squealer claims that “a mere sty” is inadequate for Napoleon and tries to equate “[a] pile of straw in a stall” with a bed. The commandment has been changed to include “with sheets.”

Food is an important component of their living conditions. Farmer Jones’s failure to feed the animals was one main reason they turned on him. As soon as the Rebellion was carried out, the animals ate “a double ration of corn.” When they harvest their own food, they enjoy eating it more than before, and “there was more for everyone to eat.” Soon, however, the milk and the apples are removed from general consumption and reserved for the pigs.

For the first year, until the stored food supplies run low, the animals are adequately fed.

If they had no more food than they had had in Jones's day, at least they did not have less.

With the next harvest still far off, the pigs decide to engage in trade, including items such as eggs and surplus hay and corn. By fall, however, “the stores of food for the winter were none too plentiful.” By January, even after reducing the rations, there is not enough food to go around. The potatoes allocated to them turn out to have rotted in the fields.

For days at a time the animals had nothing to eat but chaff and mangels. Starvation seemed to stare them in the face.

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Except for the pigs and dogs, the rest of the animals live in harsh, austere conditions at the end of the book. They are "usually hungry," sleep on straw, drink from a pool, as the once-dreamed-of indoor plumbing never materialized, and they work very hard. In the winter, they are cold. They can't remember if life was ever better for them.

When other farmers come to visit the pigs, they marvel at how efficiently the farm is run and plan to institute some of what they have seen on their own farms. Mr. Pilkington states that the

lower animals on Animal Farm did more work and received less food than any animals in the county.

In contrast, the pigs and dogs, but especially the pigs, live in luxury. They reside in the farmhouse, with indoor plumbing and heat, wear clothing, eat well, drink alcohol, do no hard labor, and carry around whips. In fact, by the end of the book, they can't be distinguished at all from their human neighbors.

Orwell shows how a revolution that started out with great hope and the promise of equality and abundance for all has been hijacked by its leaders. The ideals Old Major once championed have all been abandoned. The heated stalls, good food, and retirement the animals once dreamed of have been forgotten. Through this story of what happened to the animals, Orwell critiques what happened in communist Russia under Stalin.

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While the pigs and dogs live in comfort in the farmhouse, the pigs have started sleeping in beds, the other animals live in spare conditions. It is very cold in the winter, and food is scarce.

While the other animals live with reduced food, the pigs get milk and apples. 

The animals work long and hard, giving up their rest, while the pigs just remain idle. 

Napoleon is cruel to the other animals, when the hens object to their eggs being sold, and they stage a protest, he cuts off their rations until they give in and allow the eggs to be sold.

The animals live under a constant threat of death.

"The years pass, and the animals lead harder and harder lives, though at least no animal is lorded over by a human. Then, one day, Napoleon emerges from the house on two legs. The sheep's traditional chant of "Four legs good, two legs bad" has now, somehow, been changed to "Four legs good, two legs better."

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Conditions are not good for any animals other than the pigs.

The pigs are not as good at managing the farm as they claim to be. Food is short. The pigs have reneged on the promises of Animalism one by one. Older animals are not able to retire. Pigs and dogs get special privileges while other animals have food rationed.

Meanwhile life was hard. The winter was as cold as the last one had been, and food was even shorter. Once again all rations were reduced, except those of the pigs and the dogs. A too rigid equality in rations, Squealer explained, would have been contrary to the principles of Animalism (Chapter 9). 

The pigs once again use Animalism to excuse their actions.  They have always explained that they are the brain trust, and since they are superior they deserve special privileges.  This is why they are the ones living in the house, eating milk and apples, sleeping in beds, and drinking alcohol.    

The pigs tell the animals they have better living conditions than they did with Jones, but the animals do not really remember if that is true. All they know is that life is “harsh and bare” and that they seem to be always hungry and always working. The truth is that the pigs are abusive and neglectful. They treat the animals than the humans treated the animals. 

Even though the farm is low on money, there is definitely a hierarchy of where the farm’s resources are going. Napoleon gets what he wants first. The other pigs then get their privileges, followed by the dogs, who the pigs favor because they guard the pigs. The other animals get what little is left. 

There were the bricks, sand, and lime for the schoolroom to be purchased, and it would also be necessary to begin saving up again for the machinery for the windmill. Then there were lamp oil and candles for the house, sugar for Napoleon's own table (he forbade this to the other pigs, on the ground that it made them fat), and all the usual replacements such as tools, nails, string, coal, wire, scrap−iron, and dog biscuits (Chapter 9). 

The other animals starve so the pigs can have luxuries. This is a sign of a tyrannical regime for sure. The pigs do not care about the animals they are supposedly looking out for.

The worst part is that the animals also live in fear. Besides the propaganda of telling them that Jones will come back, the pigs also threaten the other animals with the dogs if they do not follow the pigs' rules. Soon, all of the commandments are replaced with one: All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others. The pigs are on top, and everyone else is beneath them.

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