In Animal Farm, how are the leadership styles of Napoleon and Snowball different?

In Animal Farm, Snowball's style of leadership is persuasive and inclusive. He uses his eloquence and intellectual brilliance to inspire the animals. Napoleon is more aloof and authoritarian. He delegates tasks, leaving the dogs to terrorize the animals and Squealer to spread propaganda.

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The leadership styles of Snowball and Napoleon are shaped by their very different personalities. When Orwell first introduces Snowball, he remarks that the young boar is "a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive." These qualities allow Snowball to cultivate a persuasive and inclusive style of...

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The leadership styles of Snowball and Napoleon are shaped by their very different personalities. When Orwell first introduces Snowball, he remarks that the young boar is "a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive." These qualities allow Snowball to cultivate a persuasive and inclusive style of leadership. Snowball uses his rhetorical and intellectual talents to inspire the other animals, painting a glowing picture of a future in which the windmill has lifted them out of drudgery. He is democratic not only by disposition and philosophy but because his talents are well-adapted to this style of leadership.

Napoleon is less intelligent than Snowball and far less eloquent. His style of leadership is more aloof and authoritarian and is always backed up with force from the dogs, who allow him to carry off his coup in the first place. Napoleon does not have Snowball's vision, but he is more practical and is a clear strategic thinker. His leadership relies heavily on delegation. Lacking Snowball's facility with words, he puts Squealer, who is as eloquent and persuasive as Snowball, in charge of propaganda. Napoleon's political realism, which leads him to concentrate on practical matters rather than ideology, extends to an awareness of his own limitations and effective use of the talents of others.

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In the early chapters of the novella, Orwell elaborates on the differing styles of leadership between Snowball and Napoleon. Snowball is a more enthusiastic, vivacious pig, and he is more inventive and more articulate than Napoleon. Snowball is also active and works hard on his various projects for the farm. His tireless work ethic, creative nature, and public speaking skills make him an effective leader. Snowball forms various committees and designs elaborate plans to build a windmill, which will revolutionize life on the farm. His hands-on approach also makes him a likable figure among the animals, and his courageous personality is evident during the Battle of the Cowshed. Essentially, Snowball is a compassionate, enthusiastic leader, who wishes to improve the lives of each animal on the farm.

In contrast, Napoleon is a more reserved, austere pig, who appears have more depth of character than Snowball. Unlike Snowball, Napoleon maneuvers behind the scenes and finds a way to take things rather than create them. He is a shrewd politician, who rules through force and intimidation. After usurping power, Napoleon uses Squealer to propagate lies and manipulate the animals into supporting every decision he makes. Napoleon also uses his fearsome dogs to intimidate and threaten those who challenge his authority. He does not care about the other animals and rules the farm like a ruthless tyrant.

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In Animal Farm, the leadership styles of Napoleon and Snowball are very different. Beginning with Snowball, you'll notice that his leadership style is based on equality. He works hard at teaching the animals to read and write and organizing different committees to help the running of the farm.

Similarly, Snowball wants to use his leadership to make life on the farm easier and more enjoyable for everybody. This is shown clearly by his plans for the windmill, which will give everybody a better standard of living through the introduction of electricity and heating.

In contrast, Napoleon shows no interest in education or labor-saving devices. He is far more concerned with raising his own welfare at the expense of others. When he takes the cows' milk, for instance, we see just how self-interested he is.

Furthermore, Napoleon has no interest in sharing his power with anybody else. This is shown clearly in chapter 5 when he sets his personal bodyguards on Snowball and runs him off the farm.

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Napoleon and Snowball address leadership in several different ways. Napoleon uses propaganda, slogans, and force to get his way, while Snowball attempts to live according to the ideals that Old Major put forth. One obvious example is the windmill, which Snowball wants built to ease everyone in their work.

...thereafter, [Snowball] declared, so much labour would be saved that the animals would only need to work three days a week. Napoleon, on the other hand, argued that the great need of the moment was to increase food production, and that if they wasted time on the windmill they would all starve to death.
(Orwell, Animal Farm, george-orwell.org)

Snowball genuinely wants to use the farm's collective labor to improve the lives of everyone. He tries to convince the animals to take his side with logic and debate. Napoleon, though, understands that if the animals are not constantly beaten down with hard labor, they will start to actually demand the fair and equal environment they were promised, and he will be out of power; in the debate, he uses his trained dogs to run Snowball off the farm, increasing his personal power.

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