In A Raisin in the Sun, Mama says, "He finally come into his manhood today, didn't he? Kind of like a rainbow after the rain." What does she mean?

Mama says that Walter "finally come into his manhood today" and compares him to "a rainbow after the rain" after Walter stands up for his family to Mr. Lindner, and by this, she means that this moment demonstrates that Walter is maturing, growing, and making peace with those around him after the recent storminess of his life.

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When Mama says Walter is "kind of like a rainbow after the rain," she is referring to the troubles he has recently been through. Wanting to show trust in him and affirm his manhood, Mama gives Walter both his own and Beneatha's share of the insurance money, telling him to save Beneatha's portion for her medical school expenses. Instead, Walter allows himself to be cheated out of all of the money. He lets his desires and fantasies about prosperity and owning his own business overrule his reason and prudence. The loss of the money is his low point, the "rain" that comes into his life.

However, when Walter stands up for the idea of his family moving into the house in the white neighborhood, he does, as Mama says, "finally come into his manhood." Walter shows that he is thinking about the family as a whole and not just himself when he refuses the extra money Mr. Linder offers the family for not moving. Walter realizes that the family needs to take a stand for what they believe in, which is their right to live in a white neighborhood, and he needs his son to see him doing this. Walter's father, through his hard work, earned the house for his family, and Walter is not going to let that go. The "rainbow" after the rain is Walter's decision to stand up for their rights, even knowing how difficult their lives might be in the new neighborhood.

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In this quote, Mama is talking about how Walter demonstrated maturity and growth in the conversion with Mr. Lindner. Walter has been frustrated and angry about his life for a long time, and while he has good reason to be upset by social constraints, he has frequently expressed his feelings in ways that have hurt those around him. For instance, recall how upset he is when he first finds out that Mama is using a portion of his father’s insurance money for a new house. He tells his mother that she “butchered up” a dream of his and makes sure she feels bad.

But when Mr. Lidner offers to pay off the family so that that they do not move into the white neighborhood, Walter defends his mother’s dream. He takes his son Travis on his lap and tells Mr. Lindner:

This is my son, and he makes the sixth generation our family in this country. And we have all thought about your offer … we have decided to move into our house because my father—my father—he earned it for us brick by brick.

In this moment, Walter puts aside his immature, selfish frustrations and stands up for his family—particularly for the line of men that came before him and the line of men that will come after him. This makes his mother proud and makes her feel like he is finally a true man. Her comparison of this moment to a rainbow also suggests that this was a moment of calm and peace after the storm of depression and frustration that had gripped Walter for so long.

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At the end of A Raisin in the Sun, Mama says this of Walter as she is speaking with Ruth and is just about to leave their old apartment for their new house. She is referring to Walter's maturation, as Walter originally proposed spending the insurance money from his father on a liquor store, a cynical idea fueled by dreams of material wealth. 

In the end, however, Walter refuses to accept the money from Lindner, a white man who wants to pay off the Younger family so that they won't move into a white neighborhood. Instead, Walter tells Lindner, "And we have decided to move into our house because my father--my father--he earned it brick by brick." Walter recognizes the value of his father's work and the necessity of carrying on his father's work by moving to a house where his family can have a better life. Mama compares Walter to a rainbow after the rain because Walter's journey towards this realization about what to do with the insurance money has been stormy. Walter has fought with everyone in the family, including Mama, his wife Ruth, and his sister Beneatha, but in the end, he emerges as a proud and wise man. 

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Walter had grown up in Mama's house with Mama making the decisions for the family. Walter has been a bitter black man, trying to make it in a white man's world. He feels that life has passed him by. He makes excuses for his bitterness, claiming that others have better advantages in life.

Walter drinks and practically gives away his father's insurance money. He then decides to give Mr. Lindner what he wants by selling out. He decides that the family will sell the house and not move into the new neighborhood.

When Mama asks Walter to explain to his son Travis why he is making such a decision to sell the family's new house, Walter thinks about his decison. When Mr. Lindner comes over, Walter has a change of heart. He explains to Mr. Lindner that the family will indeed move into the new house. That is when Mama exclaims that Walter has finally become a man. He finally makes the right decision for the family. Walter could not sell the house with Travis looking up to him. Walter comes into his manhood as he looks first at Travis and then Mr. Lindner. He makes the right decision based on what is best for the family. For once, he is thinking about others and not himself.

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