In 1984, what is a significant quote made by Parsons and a significant quote made by Syme?

A significant quote made by Parsons is "Thoughtcrime!" A significant quote made by Syme is that in which he declares the destruction of words to be a "beautiful thing."

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Though these two men in 1984 are in some sense opposites—Syme is brilliant and Parsons is perhaps the least intelligent person Winston knows—they have in common their unquestioning allegiance to the Party. Yet both men are destroyed. Syme disappears, having been "vaporized," an occurrence Winston predicted. And Parsons is arrested as a result of having been overheard in his sleep saying heretical things against the Party.

Orwell's overall point is that in a totalitarian society, absolutely no one is safe. Though Syme genuinely believes in Party doctrine, he's too intelligent for his own good. The Party has to get rid of such people. The quote I have chosen, in which he describes the destruction of words as a "beautiful thing," is significant because it shows Syme as a true believer. He's so committed that he speaks in an almost poetic tone about an action—the destruction of the English language as we know it—that most of us would be appalled by were we to actually see it happening.

It's ironic that Syme should express himself this way, since we would expect a kind of machine-like assent by someone like him, rather than his dreamy waxing rhapsodic over the Party's plan to make intelligent thought impossible by eliminating the words in which it might be expressed.

If his own intelligence is Syme's downfall, then we, like Winston, would assume that if anyone would be safe, it would be the unthinking and dull-witted Parsons. But by showing Parsons too as a victim, Orwell seems to make the point that the unthinking allegiance Parsons appears to stand for is an impossibility. Even the most subservient person harbors resentments that can emerge when, as in this case, he's overheard talking in his sleep.

Yet to the end, Parsons does not understand what has happened to him. When, "almost blubbering," he blurts out the single word "Thoughtcrime!" in answer to Winston, he appears to be in a state of shock. More than anything, his manner conveys that his loyalty was not a kind of ruse or a façade to cover a spirit of rebellion.

So, it's not merely those who feign allegiance who will be discovered by the regime. Those who honestly profess loyalty will be victimized just the same. The seeming polar opposites of Syme and Parsons are destroyed essentially for the same reason, though the actual circumstances of Syme's arrest are not shown to us, beyond Winston's understanding that the Party does not want people who are smart and can think for themselves and must therefore "vaporize" them.

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"Orthodoxy means not thinking—not needing to think. Orthodoxy is unconsciousness" (Orwell 68).

While Syme is explaining to Winston the significance of Newspeak, he comments on how language will affect the population's thought process. Syme's comment about orthodoxy concerns the Party's goal to eliminate the need to think. The Party is attempting to narrow language to the point that thoughts, ideas, and concepts will become nonexistent. Orthodoxy is essentially accepting anything Big Brother says without thinking about it. Citizens who are unable to think for themselves will never present a threat to the authoritarian government.

"I don’t bear her any grudge for it. In fact I’m proud of her. It shows I brought her up in the right spirit, anyway" (Orwell 295).

While Winston is sitting in a cell in the Ministry of Love, Parsons suddenly walks in. Winston is shocked to see Parsons and asks why he was arrested. Parsons says that his daughter turned him in for thoughtcrime. Despite knowing that his own daughter has essentially ruined his life, Parsons is so devoted to Big Brother that he doesn't even blame her. Parsons's comment about how he is proud of his daughter reveals the extent of his orthodoxy. Like many Party members, Parsons openly accepts the Party's message and believes that he was genuinely in the wrong. 

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Syme:  "Don't you see that the whole aim of Newspeak is to narrow the range of thoght? In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it."

Syme's declaration to Winston illustrates his deep conviction that his work in the Ministry is vitally important.  Winston paradoxically views Syme's attitude as a virtual guarantee that Syme will one day be vaporized.  "He is too intelligent.  He sees too clearly and speaks too plainly," Winston thinks as he listens to Syme's treatise on the importance of revising the language of Oceania.  Winston's prediction comes true in Chapter 5 of Book 2.

Parsons:  "Ah, well--what I mean to say, shows the right spirit, doesn't it?  Mischievous little beggars they are, both of them, but talk about keenness!  All they think about is the Spies, and the war, of course."

Parson is referring to his children who are both Junior Spies.  His statement is ironic since it is his own children who turn him in to the Thought Police, his daughter claiming that he said "Down With Big Brother" in his sleep.

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