1984 Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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In 1984 by George Orwell, what is the main conflict, and how do other conflicts help to illuminate the author’s message?

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The central conflict in 1984 is man versus society, personified in Winston Smith's struggle against Big Brother's oppressive regime. Winston represents freedom, both physical and intellectual. He remembers enough of what the world was like before the current totalitarian government took over, and seeks to learn what he can about that world since the history books are government-mandated and filled with lies. He also writes his private thoughts in a journal and has an affair with Julia, a fellow worker with no love for Big Brother or this regime's anti-sex sentiments.

Winston faces other conflicts in the story that serve to enrich its anti-totalitarian themes. One such conflict is between Winston and Julia. Though both are lovers and both hate the Party's restrictions, their goals in life are different. Julia lives in the moment and is only interested in rebelling against Big Brother in small ways. She has multiple sexual affairs under the nose of the state. Unlike Winston, she is...

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