To impeach a member of the federal government, how much of the House of Representatives must vote in favor of the Articles of Impeachment?
D. fifty percent, plus one
E. none, it is the Senate that votes on the Articles of Impeachment.
The correct answer to this question is Option D. This question may be tricky to some people because, in order to get it right, they need to understand what it means to impeach someone. People often think that a president who is impeached is removed from office. However, that is not technically true. The president (or other official) is impeached when the House votes to charge him or her with impeachable offenses. The official is not removed from office unless they are convicted by the Senate.
When the House votes to impeach an official, all they need is a majority of the Representatives who are present for the vote. This makes Option D the only correct answer. If you think that the actual trial by the Senate is the impeachment, you might have chosen Option E, but that would be incorrect because the impeachment is done by the House.
The correct answer, then, is Option D. The House impeaches the official by a majority vote and then the Senate must vote to convict by a two-thirds margin before the official can be removed from office.