In 1984, oppression occurs in many forms. The people of Oceania are under constant surveillance and, due to the two-way screens in their homes, they have no privacy.
In the far distance a helicopter skimmed down between the roofs, hovered for an instant like a bluebottle, and darted away again with a curving flight. It was the police patrol, snooping into people's windows.
Above is yet another example of government oppression through constant monitoring. Even helicopters are used to fly in between homes. This method, of course, furthers the intrusion of the two-way screens already mentioned.
Any display of dissent, whether it be in the form of speech, written correspondence, or facial expression is grounds for imprisonment. There is no due process.
Winston's job is to alter past historical records to conceal the government's crimes and maintain public ignorance. Because of the imbalance of power and weatlh, 85% of the population lives in poverty. Basic family cohesion is undermined as children are taught to spy on their parents and report them for suspicious behavior. Winston and Julia are subjected to cruel and unusual punishment during their interrogation.