What is Friere trying to say in these paragraphs? The truth is, however, that the opressed are not "marginals" are not people living "outside" society. They have always been "inside" inside the structure which made them "beings for others". The solution is not to "integrate" them into the structure of opression, but to transform that structure so that they can become "beings for themselves". Such as transformation of the banking concept of education to avoid the threat of student conscientizao. The banking approach to adult education, for example, will never propose to students that they critically consider reality. it will deal instead with such vital questions as whether Roger gave green grass to the goat, and insist upon the importance of learning that, on contrary. Roger gave green gass to the rabbit. The "humanism" of the banking approachmaks the effort to turn women and men into automatons-they very negatio of ther ontological vocation to be more fully human.

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Paulo Freire worked as an educator among Brazil's poorest population. Over time, American educators became aware of his work and his philosophy and imported it here, so you will often find references to his work in articles and books that are critical of the American public education system and its factory-like approach. To treat students as cogs in some giant wheel that churns ever more and more toward automation and standardization is to dehumanize students. That is what Freire is getting at in the first paragraph.

"Knowledge is Power" is a maxim that educators love to trot out, but Freire would argue that if we keep filling students up with the same old rote knowledge, the power structure of society will not change one bit. Middle and working class students will be educated to uncritically assume their parents' same roles in society, and so the power structure will remain in place. Freire's idea of a "banking method" prevalent in education is quite a literal one: he sees how in too...

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