What is Friere trying to say in these paragraphs?
The truth is, however, that the opressed are not "marginals" are not people living "outside" society. They have always been "inside" inside the structure which made them "beings for others". The solution is not to "integrate" them into the structure of opression, but to transform that structure so that they can become "beings for themselves". Such as transformation of the banking concept of education to avoid the threat of student conscientizao.
The banking approach to adult education, for example, will never propose to students that they critically consider reality. it will deal instead with such vital questions as whether Roger gave green grass to the goat, and insist upon the importance of learning that, on contrary. Roger gave green gass to the rabbit. The "humanism" of the banking approachmaks the effort to turn women and men into automatons-they very negatio of ther ontological vocation to be more fully human.
This is a selection from Paulo Friere’s “The Banking Concept of Education.” To understand, first consider that Friere is a critical pedagogist. Basically, critically pedagogy is the concept that underprivileged classes can only rise up through equal opportunities in education. A big part of this is understanding that there is no deficit in the people or children of the underprivileged classes. They simply don’t have the cultural capital (cultural information and understanding) to compete with middle and upper class children. The system is against them at every turn. This is what Friere means when he says that the oppressed are not marginals. Friere was especially interested in educating working class adults.
Basically, the first paragraph emphasizes how the current system puts these people at a disadvantage. Instead of trying to make them fit into the current system, he is arguing that the system should fit around them. The second paragraph emphasizes how far out of touch much of the educational system is with practicality and reality. There is also the cultural capital issue there. The grass example emphasizes how you need a middle class background to make sense of or benefit from this type of education. A practical education is more helpful.