I'm citing evidence from The Pearl about this theme: People are never really free--their lives are determined by outside forces.

Expert Answers info

dymatsuoka eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2007

write3,287 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Math

Steinbeck illustrates this philosophy, naturalism, allegorically early in Chapter 1, describing an ant trying to escape a trap while a detached God watches. 

Among the forces that control the lives of Kino's people are imperialism, illustrated by the doctor in Chapter 1 who considers them animals, and ignorance, which puts the people at the mercy of those like the doctor - "...he could not take...

(The entire section contains 210 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now

check Approved by eNotes Editorial