The rhyme scheme of Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 116” like most English sonnets, it is written in 3 quatrains and a couplet. The rhyme scheme is as follows: abab/abab/cdcd/cdcd/ efef/gg. The following are a few examples of figurative language: The first two lines of the poem is an allusion to customs that the Church of England had in place in which it must ask if there are objections to the marriage of two individuals. In this sonnet, Shakespeare compares love to a guiding star in several lines this is a metaphor. The image he creates of time (death) as the grim reaper is an example of personification as he gives death the very human features of rosy lips and cheeks.
Enotes has some good reference sources. You might start by checking out the following link.