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If I investigate recent shark attacks off a coast, and the time of year when there are not elephant seals in the area serves as the CONTROL GROUP while the times/areas when/where elephant seals vary is the EXPERIMENTAL GROUP, what is my dependent variable and independent variable? What type of data will I be able to collect as a result of the experiment?

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The hypothesis written here is not very clear; however, it is possible to answer your question as it is asking for what the independent and dependent variables are. The independent variable is the variable that the experimenter has control over. If "I" am doing the experiment, "I" have control over the "I" ndependent variable. In the case of your roughed out experiment, the independent variable is going to be either the time of year or the location. Two hypothesis are stated, and the first hypothesis mentions time of year, and the other hypothesis...

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