In "The Cask of Amontillado," explain the double meaning of the trowel and its significance in the story.
A trowel is a tool used to spread the cement or mortar that holds bricks or stones together. For that reason, it has become a sign of the Freemasons (or Masons), a secret fraternal organization. Within the Masons, the trowel symbolizes the "cement" of brotherly love and affection that ideally holds the members together without enmity or dissension.
When Montresor fails to comprehend a sign Fortunato makes that shows him to be a mason, Fortunato says, "You are not of the masons."
"Yes, yes," I said; "yes, yes."
Fortunato is contemptuous, giving us an insight into why Montresor might feel injured by him. Fortunato says:
"You? Impossible! A mason?"
Fortunato then demands a "sign" and Montresor replies:
"It is this," I answered, producing from beneath the folds of my roquelaire a trowel.
Again, Fortunato shows his disbelief and disdain:
"You jest," he exclaimed, recoiling a few paces.
Of course, this exchange about being a mason is ironic. Montresor is not a mason in the sense Fortunato means, but another kind of mason. The word mason is thus a double entendre. To Fortunato it means a member of a secret society, while to Montresor it means a person who builds a wall. The trowel Montresor shows also has two meanings: the brotherly love and unity it symbolizes within the Masons and the hate it symbolizes to Montresor. Ironically, Montresor is a "mason" who offers the opposite of brotherly affection, and his trowel delivers the opposite of the brotherly love when Montresor uses it to wall up his enemy so that he dies a horrible death. Rather than a symbol of unity, it becomes a symbol of separation.
A trowel, which is the tool Montresor shows to Fortunato, has a triangular flat shape with a handle that curves above. A mason is a skilled workman who lays brick or stone by using this tool to place mortar or cement between the bricks or stones and to move the mortar and smooth it.
The masons that Fortunato refers to are a secret organization that has nothing to do with bricks and mortar. The secret sign that he shows to Montresor is one only members would recognize.
Therefore, when Montresor does not recognize the sign and Fortunato responds by declaring, "You are not of the masons," Montresor pulls out his trowel because he is indeed a mason. Although Fortunato is too confused to realize the significance of this action, Montresor has provided a devious hint of what is to come.