Identify Mao Zedong and describe his concept of communism.

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saintfester | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Associate Educator

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Mao Zedong was a Chinese revolutionary and communist political philosopher who became the leader of the Chinese communist revolution. He is widely recognized as the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, which became a communist nation after a brutal civil war in the 1949 against the Chinese Nationalism forces. He held undisputed authority over the nation until he died in 1979. His collected political and military methods are referred to collectively as Maoism.

Maoism describes someone should conduct and preserve a revolution. Many of the tenets were used by Mao during his own takeover of China. Mao believed that to truly be successful, a revolution and its army must respond to the needs of the people. Mao also believed that countries needed to be readied for communism by going through a period of quasi-democracy where material needs are met. It is also essential to a successful revolution that those who contradict the teaching of Maoism be removed or destroyed in order to remove their influence. Maoism also encouraged Cultural Revolution where all ideas compete with each other for dominance.

It is important to point out that Mao contradicted several of his own tenets while he tried to consolidate power, so historians are divided on whether these tenets are feasible in any situation.      


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