Identify Mao Zedong and describe his concept of communism.

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Mao Zedong (1893-1976) was one of small group of leaders of the Chinese Communist Party. In fact, Mao, along with future Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, were among the party's founders, and both continued to lead the party until their respective deaths, both in 1976.

Mao's ideological precepts were largely in line with Marxist-Leninist dogma but emphasized more than his counterpart in the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, the agrarian nature of Chinese society and of the Chinese economy. While emphasizing the agrarian nature of the country and, by extension, the peasantry, however, Mao did not ignore the ramifications for Chinese society of the industrial revolution (although the state of industrialization in China lagged badly behind that of many other countries). Like Stalin, Mao viewed the survival of the revolution he helped lead and the security of his country as closely tied to industrialization. A lengthy but informative passage from his writings--and Mao's "Little Red Book" of theoretical writings became both a guide to revolution and the "Bible" of the Chinese Communist Party--articulated his vision of the socialist or communist system he dedicated himself to imposing upon China:

"Communism is at once a complete system of proletarian ideology and a new social system. It is different from any other ideological and social system, and is the most complete, progressive, revolutionary and rational system in human history. The ideological and social system of feudalism has a place...

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