In this poem, Raleigh takes on the persona of a nymph replying to a plea from her lover. The lover's argument was stated in Marlowe’s poem “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love.” In those verses, the shepherd had appealed to his nymph to run away with him to live in nature by painting a glorious picture of how wonderful it would be. The nymph replies in this poem with reminders of how harsh nature can be, especially in the winter months.
Some literary terms that could be applied to the poem are as follows:
The poem uses apostrophe, which is when a poem's speaker addresses a person who is absent or an animal or inanimate object. In this case, the nymph addresses the missing shepherd who is wooing her.
Each stanza of the poem is a quatrain--four lines--consisting of two rhyming couplets (rhyming couplets are lines that follow each other and rhyme). These end rhymes produce a pleasing sense of closure, such as in "fields" and "yields."
Raleigh uses asyndeton , which is when a writer leaves out...
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