What are at least two kinds of irony present in "Ballad of Birmingham." Please provide examples from within the poem of these two types of irony, while explaining the kind of irony that is identified (dramatic irony, verbal irony, etc.)
In Dudley Randall's poignant ballad, there is a prevailing situational irony, the contradiction of an event that occurs which is contrary to the expectations of the characters. For, the mother denies her daughter the opportunity to participate in one of the freedom marches of the Civil Right Movement, believing that the young girl will be endangered where "...dogs are fierce and wild/And clubs and hoses..." are used by the police against the African-American marchers whereas, in reality, the child would have been safer on the streets than where her mother sends her.
In response to the denial to allow her to march, the daughter replies with unconscious irony in her dialogue with her mother,
“But, mother, I won’t be alone.Other children will go with me..."
The mother smiled to know her childWas in the sacred place,
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