Theodore Roosevelt's Presidency

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Identify the foreign policies of Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson. What role do these ideas play in foreign policy today?

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Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft, and Woodrow Wilson had their own views on foreign policy. Roosevelt’s foreign policy can be summarized by the phrase, “speak softly and carry a big stick.” Roosevelt believed the United States should let its actions speak for themselves. The United States told European countries that the...

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Theodore Roosevelt, William Taft, and Woodrow Wilson had their own views on foreign policy. Roosevelt’s foreign policy can be summarized by the phrase, “speak softly and carry a big stick.” Roosevelt believed the United States should let its actions speak for themselves. The United States told European countries that the United States would intervene in Latin America if the Europeans had issues with these countries. The United States intervened in the Dominican Republic in 1905 to help Europe collects its debts from this country. The United States wanted to build a canal somewhere in Central America. The United States intervened in Columbia, helping Panama become independent, when Columbia refused to sign an agreement that would allow the United States to build a canal through Columbia.

William Taft believed in "dollar diplomacy." He believed the United States should invest in other countries to gain influence there. When investments were threatened, the United States would intervene to protect those investments. This happened in Nicaragua in 1911.

Woodrow Wilson believed in expanding democracy. The involvement of the United States in World War I on the side of the Allies is an example of this. Wilson also believed in investing in other countries, but he was against the policy of dollar diplomacy.

These ideas can be seen in modern American foreign policy. The United States has intervened to promote democratic governments. The current involvement of the United States in South Korea, against the threat of North Korea, is an example. The United States also currently invests in other countries. The United States is a major player on the world stage, and the United States has not been afraid to flex their muscles when needed. The fight against terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan is an example of this. The United States also has supported Israel in the Middle East when Israel has faced threats from other countries or groups of people.

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