What literary techniques does Shakespeare use in A Midsummer Night's Dream?

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Shakespeare attempts in this play to create a magical nighttime world as different as possible from the waking, daytime, everyday world of rules, regulation, and rationality that Hermia and Lysander flee. To do this with the limited stage props available in the Elizabethan theater, he relies on literary techniques to conjure a fairy universe.

A chief literary technique Shakespeare uses is imagery . Imagery uses the senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch to describe a scene. Shakespeare takes time out of the plot to have the fairies describe their world. We learn that they can fly so fast that they can go from Europe to India or the moon and back in an evening. They are tiny creatures who flit around the flowers and drop love potions into the eyes of sleeping people. Their magical powers, such as the ability to give Bottom an ass's head, helps us understand that most of the play takes place in a slightly lunatic, "other" world where the possibilities break out of normal...

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