Identify the correct sentence pattern for the sentences below. S-V-IO-DO, S-V-DO-OC, S-LV-PA,S-LV-PN, E-V-S, S-V-DO 1.  Snow skiing is a very exciting sport. 2.  The waterfall rushed down the...

Identify the correct sentence pattern for the sentences below.

S-V-IO-DO, S-V-DO-OC, S-LV-PA,S-LV-PN, E-V-S, S-V-DO

1.  Snow skiing is a very exciting sport.

2.  The waterfall rushed down the steep hillside.

3.  Relaxing under a shady tree is very pleasant. 

Asked on by lucyball

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mwestwood's profile pic

mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

RE:

2. The waterfall rushed down the steep hillside. 

This sentence is composed of the subject waterfall and the predicate/verb rushed. There is no indirect or direct object since "down the steep hill" is a prepositional phrase that tells where and acts as an adverb, modifying the predicate/verb "rushed."

(This may be why the previous educator put only S-V. )

I did not answer this question because I also could not find anything to fit it with the choices you gave; that is, unless E-V-S fits, as I'm sorry to say, I do not remember what the E stands for and I no longer have my Transformational Grammar text.

Here is a diagram of sentence #2 in traditional grammar:

____waterfall___|rushed ________
         \The               \down
                                    __ hill____
                                         \the

Re: 3. Relaxing is a gerund, which plays the role of a noun and fits the place of Subject. It is not actually a noun, but acts in place of a noun, naming something.

                                        

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amarang9's profile pic

amarang9 | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

1. Snow skiing is a very exciting sport. (S-LV-PN) 

"Sport" is noun that restates or stands in for the subject (Skiing); therefore, it is a predicate nominative. (Nominative meaning "name" - "sport" stands in for, is another name, more general, for skiing.) 

2. The waterfall rushed down the steep hillside. (S-V) 

"Down the steep hillside" is also an adverbial prepositional phrase (APP) because it modifies "rushing" but since that is not listed, (S-V) is the most accurate choice. In this case, "rushed" is used as an intransitive verb, meaning it can not have a direct object. (In "She rushed her chores" rushed is transitive with chores as the direct object.) 

3. Relaxing under a shady tree is very pleasant. (S-LV-PA) 

Here, "relaxing" is not a verb; it is a noun or gerund describing the act or state of relaxing. "Relaxing under a shady tree" is the subject, "is" is the verb, and "very pleasant" is the predicate adjective describing the subject. "Pleasant" describes (rather than stands in for - PN) the subject which is "relaxing." Therefore, it is a PA - predicate adjective. 

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lucyball's profile pic

lucyball | (Level 1) Honors

Posted on

Sorry, instructed none were that format. That is why I did not list S-V as an option.

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