Many a times, we feel that effective communication is not taking place and the receiver is not able to completely understand what the sender (or messenger) is saying. In essence, the message is lost and only a portion of it is transmitted. There can be a number of reasons why effective communication fails:
- Differences in perception and interpretation: the two parties may have different viewpoints, interpretations and perceptions of words and gestures. These differences could arise from cultural or gender differences, etc.
- Lack of interest or distractions: sometimes, communication is impeded by lack of interest on the part of the receiver or distractions occurring during the conversation.
- physical barriers may exist between the two communicating parties and they may not be able to see the gestures or symbols and may not be able to interpret meaning correctly.
- Bias, prejudice, etc.: many a times, people are already biased for or against something or someone and they may interpret the communication in light of these pre-existing biases or prejudices.
- Language differences and barriers may exist between people from different regions or countries and may act as a barrier to effective communication.
- Use of short-forms, jargons, gestures, etc. with which one of the parties may not be familiar may cause issues.