The incident control system (ICS) and National Incident Management System (NIMS) are the baseline for responding to natural and man-made disasters in the U.S. Identify and discuss six key components of these systems. Give your opinion on their effectiveness.
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The foundational component of NIMS is a radical change in "culture of organizations and first responders at all levels of government." Since this FEMA paper was written before 2006 and discusses then upcoming plans, an assessment of effectiveness, based on this paper, is all speculation. Yet it seems to me that implementing a new culture that spans concerns from "Reliance on an Incident Action Plan" to "Accountability of Resources and Personnel Deployment" and "Information and Intelligence Management," effectiveness will hinge on the excellence of their communication system.
My biggest concerns with regard to a large organization providing a support in the "seamless" coordination between a large government organization and small towns (such as one that I live in) is the enormity of the task working with so many towns and untrained personnel. How could FEMA or any other organization create such a massive and fully functional plan so that—in light of a threat of any kind—that chaos would not have the upper hand? How could there be enough government and non-government personnel to implement a plan sketched out on paper without some kind of "practice?" How would people know how to react in such a situation simply by reading a proposal or official study? I don't worry about losing autonymy in such a case if everyone is united in purpose. And certainly guidelines may be transmitted to the appropriate personnel all over the country, but how can such a plan work well without the public also being aware of their part and how best to serve the common good? I just find it hard to believe that it could be carried out as easily as is inferred by the NMIS.
I don't personally see the loss of autonomy of local organisations as a disadvantage at all. After all, what do local organisations such as fire departments exist for if not to work together to help prevent disasters? The way in which such initiatives allow different groups to work together effectively makes this a very strong way of working to stave off disasters, natural or otherwise.
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