Do you see Ibsen's A Doll's House as primarily about the struggle between the needs of the individual and the needs of society or about the conflict between women's roles in the family and in the larger society?

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Ibsen's A Doll's House addresses both issues as he critiques Victorian gender roles by illustrating Nora's struggle for independence and conflict with how society perceives and treats women. Neither issue is mutually exclusive, and Nora's battle for independence is directly related to her oppressed gender role in society at large. In Victorian society, women were perceived as weak, helpless individuals who relied solely on their husbands or fathers. Women had few individual rights and were expected to be loving wives and caring mothers. Nora's role in her household is no different from society's expectations at the beginning of the play. She is treated like a helpless child and viewed as Torvald's intellectual inferior. Nora is initially content in her role as a submissive, dependent housewife but experiences a dramatic change after discovering Torvald's genuine feelings about her.

At the end of the play, Nora makes a courageous decision to leave her husband and family in order...

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