I have to write an essay on why Hamlet is so indecisive, and I don't know what my three main points should be.

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At first, Hamlet's indecision seems to result from his desire to confirm that the ghost he saw really was the ghost of his father and not some evil spirit, as Horatio fears, and that what the ghost said of his uncle is actually true. Horatio expressed his fear that...

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At first, Hamlet's indecision seems to result from his desire to confirm that the ghost he saw really was the ghost of his father and not some evil spirit, as Horatio fears, and that what the ghost said of his uncle is actually true. Horatio expressed his fear that the spirit would "deprive [Hamlet's] sovereignty of reason / And draw [him] into madness" (1.4.81-82). This is why Hamlet feigns madness: so that he might conduct his private investigation of his uncle's guilt in secret and without incurring any suspicion.

This is the reason he plans to use the play put on by the traveling actors to "catch the conscience of the King" (2.2.634). He wants to watch Claudius's reaction to seeing his crime on stage, believing that Claudius's reaction will reveal his guilt (or lack of it).

Later, Hamlet does not kill Claudius when he has the chance because he has come upon the king while the older man is praying. Claudius killed Hamlet's father before the late king had an opportunity to confess and be absolved of his sins; this resulted in him being sent to purgatory until his sins could be "burnt and purged away" (1.5.18). Hamlet wants to kill Claudius in a similar spiritual position so that he goes straight to hell or to purgatory as well. He feels it will not be true revenge if he kills Claudius and sends him to heaven.

Thirdly, it is possible that Hamlet is the "coward" that he fears himself to be, and this could result in his indecision (2.2.598, 4.4.46). He asks himself, again and again, if he is a coward, and the short answer is, well, maybe. He has seen other sons who try, at least, to avenge their fathers—Fortinbras, Achilles's son, even Laertes eventually—and yet he does not do so until the last possible second.

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First of all, Hamlet himself questions whether it is to be or not to be. In Act three, Scene one, Hamlet questions which act is more noble. Is it more noble to suffer from wrong deeds that one has done unto one or is it more noble to end the suffering by fighting? In this soliloquy, it is clear that Hamlet is torn between what is more noble:

To be, or not to be, that is the question.
Is it nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune
Or to fight against a sea of troubles,
And end them by fighting?

Hamlet has questions that are unanswered. He is not able to really think straight at the moment. Should he murder Claudius or not?

If I were to write an essay on Hamlet's indecisiveness, I would point out that it is not easy to murder someone. Unless you have killer instincts, it is difficult to murder someone. Only evil people sit around and premeditate someone's murder. It is not a natural instinct to murder someone in cold blood. Clearly, Hamlet is seeking the more noble act.

The next point I would make would be that Hamlet is not certain that his Uncle Claudius has murdered his father. Imagine, who could do such a thing? Again, murdering someone goes against natural instincts. How could Hamlet's Uncle Claudius kill his own brother. That goes against the goodness of nature and the bonds of brotherhood. Hamlet must be certain of Claudius' guilt before he can make a decision to retaliate.

When Hamlet learned for certain of his Uncle's guilt, again, murder does not come natural to Hamlet. He also is not sure how to go about the murder. Hamlet desires to avenge his father's death, but the exactness of the murder is unclear to Hamlet. One could die while murdering another. Hamlet must take into consideration that he could die while trying to murder Claudius. Clearly, Hamlet is stressed over his own father's murder, but he has to plan the right way to murder his Uncle Claudius. At one point, he thought he had murdered Claudius but it turned out to be Polonius. This murder only complicated things for Hamlet because of his love for Ophelia.

Again, murdering someone does not come natural to most people. Also, Hamlet had to be certain of Claudius' guilt, and lastly, Hamlet has to find the perfect plan and perfect time to murder Claudius. He does not desire to die in the process.

In the end, Hamlet found the perfect time and perfect way to kill Claudius. Of course, it happens as Hamlet the hero is dying himself:

But Hamlet is far more than an outstanding example of the revenge play. It is, to begin, a tragedy in which the attainment of justice entails the avenging hero's death.

Knowing that one may die in avenging his father's death is a good reason to be indecisive about murdering another. In other words, it is not easy to plan to kill someone when you know that there is a chance you may die in the process.

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