1984 Questions and Answers
by George Orwell

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I am struggling to find specific literary techniques for quotes in the novel. I need to find techniques for 9 quotes: 3 on control, 3 on the importance of the past to the formation of an identity, and 3 on rebellion.

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To answer this question, try separating the task into steps. First, find quotes on the three topics. An example of a quote from 1984 about control is the following:

He was already dead, he reflected. It seemed to him that it was only now, when he had begun to be able to formulate his thoughts, that he had taken the decisive step.

This quote discusses the ways that Big Brother's control causes Winston to envision himself as already dead.

Another example, this time about the importance of the past to identity would be from the introduction to the journal:

To the future or to the past, to a time when thought is free, when men are different from one another and do not live aloneā€”to a time when truth exists and what is done cannot be undone.

This quote illustrates that Winston's ideas of what used to be are directly related to his ideas of what could possibly be in the future.

Attached in the references is a list of literary techniques. Once you've collected relevant quotes, consider the list of literary devices and see what might fit. Not every quote will include a literary technique, so you may end up needing to find more than three of each, but many will.

For example, the first quote above is an example of metaphor. Metaphor is the equating of two unlike things in order to illustrate an idea. Winston is clearly not physically dead, however he understands that his choice to rebel will eventually lead to his death.

The second quote is an example of caesura. Caesura is a distinct pause in a sentence that represents its stopping without closing. This moment in the quote is represented by the em dash.

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