Are humans affected by magnesium deficiency?
Health of humans is very much affected by deficiency of magnesium in their diet an bodies. Magnesium is an important mineral nutrient required by humans. Along with calcium and phosphorous, it is an important constituent part of bones and teeth. People obtain their requirements of magnesium from food like whole grain cereals, nuts, legume, and green leafy vegetables.
Deficiency of magnesium leads to health problems like hyper-excitability, muscle weakness and fatigue. Severe and extended magnesium deficiency can also lead to more serious consequences like death fro heart failure.
Magnesium deficiency results from causes like alcohol abuse, diabetes, excessive or chronic vomiting or diarrhea. Some drugs such as osmotic diuretics, cisplatin, ciclosporin and amphetamines, can also deplete magnesium levels.
Magnesium deficieny can be cured generally by dietary supplements. However in severe cases intravenous injection of magnesium may be necessary.
Of course, magnesium is a very important mineral necessary for several processes in our body. These include cellular signaling, enzyme activation and catalysis. ATP which is the main source of energy for cells has to bind with magnesium to be active.
It is has been estimated by the FDA that over 61% of Americans do not consume the required amount of magnesium in their diet. Magnesium deficiency can show up as symptoms that include hyper excitability, muscle weakness and tiredness. In acute stage magnesium deficiency may even lead to heart failure.
Magnesium deficiency can be corrected by taking supplements of magnesium salts that include magnesium sulfate, magnesium citrate and magnesium chloride.