Human Nature (innate evil vs. society ideologies).
it is sometime thought that humans are born evil and that no matter how good society attempts to make them, they will always revert back to their natural evil if taken out of society. discuss golding's philosophy in regards to our present society. then conclude whether golding's philosophy on human nature is accurate or inaccurate.
When one reads Lord of the Flies, or other books pertaining to the human nature of man, and when one studies society, it becomes quite obvious that the proposition can be made that we are all born with evil and good, and society's role is to nurture the good in humans and to subdue the evil; but society isn't the only factor; there is free-will, the will to choose which to entertain, evil or good; this argument is quite apparent in the characterizations of Jack and his tribe of hunters, who represent evil and with Ralph and Piggy, who represent good and society.
It does not take Golding long to present this division of evil and good in these characters. Jack makes a conscious choice to become evil as he becomes a blood thirsty hunter who eventually leads his hunters into becoming murderers. First they murder Simon, and then Piggy, and they would have murdered Ralph, had society not shown up and stopped evil. However, the choice is obvious, but an argument could be made that since society is not there, that being a society run by scrupulous adults, Jack and his boys are now uninhibited and therefore are allowed to make their own choices of following evil, the evil inside of them, that is.
There is little doubt about the nature of humanity when one looks at today's society, for it is fraught with many forms of evil, some too heinous to mention. And because of this evidence, it appears that Golding's philosophy is very accurate. However, one does not have to be taken out of society in order for that evil to manifest itself. Golding's novel is more of a commentary on the role of society, but more so on children, for all of the characters in the novel are children, and most of them under the age of twelve.